Urang Punjab

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Urang Punjab
پنجابی
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ
Punjabi
Total populasi
lk.124 juta[1][2]
Kawasan jo populasi nan signifikan
 Pakistan        91.454.609[3][4]
 India          33,124,726[5]
 Imperium Baritania Rayo 700.000[6]
 Kanada 668.240[7]
 Amerika Sarikat 253.740[8]
 Australia 132.496[9]
 Malaysia 56.400[10]
 Libya 54.000[11]
 Filipina 50.000[12]
 Selandia Baru 34.227[13]
 Norwegia 24.000[14]
 Bangladesh 23.700[15]
 Jerman 18.000[16]
 Nepal 10.000[17]
Lainnyo Caliak Parantau Punjab
Bahaso
Nan tabanyak: Punjab
Saketek: Urdu (di Pakistan) jo Hindi (di India)
Agamo
Pakistan: Punjab BaratStar and Crescent.svg Islam (97%), Christian cross.svg Kristen (2,31), basarato saketek panganuik Sikh jo Hindu
India: Punjab TimueKhanda.svg Sikh (57,7%), Om.svg Hindu (38,5%), basarato saketek Muslim, Kristen[18][19]

Urang Punjab (bahaso Punjab (Shahmukhi): پنجابی ; bahaso Punjab (Gurmukhi): ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) adolah kalompok etnik Indo-Arya nan acok dipauikkan jo wilayah Punjab di Asia Salatan, tautamo di balah utaro Anak Banuo nan kini tapacah manjadi Punjab Barat jo Punjab Timue. Urang Punjab babahaso Punjab, nan marupokan bahaso dari Rumpun bahaso Indo-Arya.[20]

Namo Punjab baarti ranah limo batang dalam Bahaso Persia: panj ("limo") āb ("aie").[21] Namo wilayah iko mulo-mulo dipakanakan jo panjajah Turko-Persia.[22] di Anak Banuo. Urang Punjab adolah kalompok etnik tabasa ka-7 di dunia dek jumlah panduduak.Templat:CN

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. Templat:E21
  2. "2011 Indian census" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Diakses tanggal 29 July 2019. 
  3. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html.
  4. "Pakistan Population (2019)". Worldometers.info. Diakses tanggal 29 July 2019. 
  5. "Scheduled Languages in descending order of speaker's strength - 2011" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 29 June 2018. 
  6. McDonnell, John (5 December 2006). "Punjabi Community". House of Commons. Diakses tanggal 3 August 2016. We now estimate the Punjabi community at about 700,000, with Punjabi established as the second language certainly in London and possibly within the United Kingdom. 
  7. "Census Profile, 2016 Census, Canada". Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Diakses tanggal 4 March 2019. 
  8. "US Census Bureau American Community Survey (2009-2013) See Row #62". 2.census.gov. 
  9. "Top ten languages spoken at home in Australia". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 9 July 2017. 
  10. "Malaysia". Ethnologue.com. Diakses tanggal 28 July 2019. 
  11. "Libya". Ethnologue.com. Diakses tanggal 28 July 2019. 
  12. "Punjabi community involved in money lending in Philippines braces for 'crackdown' by new President". 18 May 2016. 
  13. "New Zealand". Stats New Zealand. Diakses tanggal 24 September 2019. 
  14. Strazny, Philipp (1 February 2013). Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Routledge. ISBN 9781135455224. https://books.google.com/books?id=27JOMobauYAC. 
  15. "Bangladesh". Ethnologue.com. Diakses tanggal 28 July 2019. 
  16. "Deutsche Informationszentrum für Sikhreligion, Sikhgeschichte, Kultur und Wissenschaft (DISR)". remid.de. Diakses tanggal 3 January 2020. 
  17. "National Population and Housing Census 2011" (PDF). Unstats.unorg. Diakses tanggal 29 July 2019. 
  18. "C -1 POPULATION BY RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY - 2011". Diarsipkan dari versi asli (XLS) tanggal 23 September 2015. Diakses tanggal 29 July 2019. 
  19. Wade Davis; K. David Harrison; Catherine Herbert Howell (2007). Book of Peoples of the World: A Guide to Cultures. National Geographic. pp. 132–133. ISBN 978-1-4262-0238-4. https://books.google.com/books?id=rkG8f2lyeUMC&pg=PA132. 
  20. Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. Elsevier. 6 Nopember 2010. pp. 522–523. ISBN 978-0-08-087775-4. https://books.google.com/books?id=F2SRqDzB50wC&pg=PA522. 
  21. Gandhi, Rajmohan (2013). Punjab: A History from Aurangzeb to Mountbatten. New Delhi, India, Urbana, Illinois: Aleph Book Company. ISBN 978-93-83064-41-0. 
  22. Canfield, Robert L. (1991). Persia in Historical Perspective. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 1 ("Origins"). ISBN 978-0-521-52291-5.