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Selandia Baru

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Bandera Selandia Baru

Selandia Baru adolah sabuah nagara kapulauan di barat daya Lautan Pasifik. Nagara ko tadiri dari duo pulau utamo sarato labiah dari 700 pulau ketek.[1] Pulau utamonyo, Pulau Utara jo Pulau Selatan dipisahan dek Selat Cook.[2] Salain itu, nagara ko bantuaknyo mamanjang nan labiah dari 1.600 km jo leba maksimum 400 km[3] jo total laweh daratan 268.000 km2.[4] Dek karano pulau-pulau ketek lataknyo bajauahan sarato garih pantainyo nan panjang, sakitar 15.000 km, Selandia Baru punyo sumber daya laut nan malimpah. Zona ekonomi eksklusifnyo salah ciek nan tagadang di dunia, bahkan 15 kali labiah gadang dari daratannyo.[5]

Selandia Baru marupokan nagara monarki konstitusional jo demokrasi parlementer[6] nan mano Charles III sabagai kapalo nagara,[7] nan diwakian dek Gubernur Jenderal.[8] Pardana Mantari manjadi kapalo pamarentahan nan mamimpin kabinet.[9] Kuaso legislatif dipacik dek Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat basamo Rajo. Sabalum tahun 1950, ado pulo Dewan Legislatif nan kemudian dihapuihan.[10]

Manuruik sensus nagara pado tahun 2018, Selandia Baru mampunyoi panduduak 4.699.755 jiwa,[11] maningkek 10,8% dibandiangan jo hasia sensus tahun 2013. Pado tahun 2024, panduduaknyo dipakiroan bajumlah 5.281.810.[12] 71,8% panduduak marupokan urang Eropa, 16,5% urang Maori, 15,3% Asia jo 9,0% Pasifik, nan sapatigonyo tingga di Auckland.[11]

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. Walrond, Carl (8 February 2005). "Natural environment – Geography and geology". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. https://teara.govt.nz/en/natural-environment/page-1. Diakses pado 26 Desember 2020. 
  2. McLintock, Alexander, ed (April 2009). "The Sea Floor". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/1966/cook-strait/1. Diakses pado 13 Januari 2011. 
  3. McKenzie, D. W. (1987). Heinemann New Zealand atlas. Heinemann Publishers. ISBN 0-7900-0187-X. 
  4. "Geography". Statistics New Zealand. 1999. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 22 May 2010. Diakses tanggal 21 December 2009. 
  5. Offshore Options: Managing Environmental Effects in New Zealand's Exclusive Economic Zone. Wellington: Ministry for the Environment. 7 Juli 2005. ISBN 0-478-25916-6. http://www.mfe.govt.nz/sites/default/files/offshore-options-jun05.pdf. Diakses pado 23 Juni 2017. 
  6. "New Zealand's Constitution". Office of the Governor-General of New Zealand. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 6 April 2003. Diakses tanggal 13 January 2010. 
  7. Constitution Act 1986. New Zealand Parliamentary Counsel Office. 1 Januari 1987. Section 2.1. http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1986/0114/latest/whole.html#DLM94210. Diakses pado 15 Juli 2018. "The Sovereign in right of New Zealand is the head of State of New Zealand, and shall be known by the royal style and titles proclaimed from time to time." 
  8. "The Role of the Governor-General". Office of the Governor-General of New Zealand. 27 February 2017. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 29 June 2017. Diakses tanggal 6 July 2017. 
  9. "Principles of Cabinet decision making". Cabinet Manual. Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. 2008. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 20 December 2016. Diakses tanggal 1 December 2016. 
  10. "Parliament Brief: What is Parliament?". New Zealand Parliament. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 29 October 2020. Diakses tanggal 30 November 2016. 
  11. a b "Quick stats about ethnicity for New Zealand (2018 Census)". Statistics New Zealand. Source: Stats NZ and licensed by Stats NZ for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 14 November 2023. Diakses tanggal 14 November 2023. 
  12. "New Zealand". The World Factbook. US Central Intelligence Agency. 25 February 2021. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 9 January 2021. Diakses tanggal 20 March 2021.