Urang Putiah

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Urang Putiah
Kawasan jo populasi nan signifikan
 Amerika Sarikat 243,832,540[1]
 Rusia 120,016,896[2][3]
 Brasil 91,051,646[4]
 Parancih 67,119,000[5]
 Jerman 62,482,000[6]
 Itali 55,551,000[7]
 Imperium Baritania Rayo 51,736,290[8][9][10]
 Spanyol 41,539,400[11]
 Meksiko 16,000,000-59,000,000[12][13][14][15]
 Polandia 38,080,000[16][rujuakan?]
 Ukraina 37,541,693[17]
 Argentina 31,477,582[18][19][20][21][22][23]
Bahaso
Bahaso-bahaso Eropa (Inggirih, Parancih, Jerman, Itali, Portugih, Rusia, and Sapanyol dan bahaso-bahaso lainnyo dangan jumlah pangecek nan labiah saketek)
Agamo
P christianity.svg Paliang banyak Kristen
(Katolik, Protestan and Ortodoks)
Indak baagamo  · Agamo lainnyo
Kalompok etnis takaik
Urang Eropa

Urang Putiah adolah sabuah pangalompokan rasial dan istilah nan didasakan pado warano kulik, nan acok kali takaik sacaro teknik jo urang-urang nan bakaturunan Eurasia Barat;[24] badasakan makasuiknyo, kabansoan, jo suduik pandang. Istilah iko alah bakali-kali dipalaweh untuak mamasuakkan pulo katurunan dari Urang-Urang Timue Tangah dan Afrika Utaro (bantuaknyo, pado pangaratian Sensus Amerika Sarikat), urang-urang nan acok disangko indak tamasuak ka Urang Putiah pado urang-urang tatantu, dan bakali-kali dikaluakan adolah urang-urang nan baasa dari Eropa Salatan.[25] Panggunoan istilah "urang putiah" atau "ras putiah" untuak kalompok nan gadang dimakasuikkan karano kulik tarangnyo, nan sacaro panampakan balawanan jo "Urang Kalam", Urang Amerindia, jo "Urang Bawarano", nan tabantuak pado abaik ka-17. Wakatu abaik ka-19, istilah iko batuka kapado sistem saintifik palsu dari ras dan hubuangan warano kulik.

Referensi[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. "ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. December 2019. Diakses tanggal 23 March 2020. 
  2. Ethnic groups in Russia, 2010 census, Rosstat. Retrieved 15 February 2012 Templat:In lang
  3. With 9 million Ukrainian minority population.
  4. "Censo Demográfi co 2010 Características da população e dos domicílios Resultados do universo" (PDF). 8 November 2011. Diakses tanggal 12 July 2014. 
  5. "Démographie – Population au début du mois – France". Insee.fr. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. Diakses tanggal 24 February 2020. 
  6. "Population". 2017. Diakses tanggal 23 February 2020. 
  7. "Indicatori demografici Istat (Italian)" (PDF). 
  8. 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Accessed 13 June 2014
  9. Table 2 - Ethnic groups, Scotland, 2001 and 2011 Scotlands Census published 30 September 2013, Accessed 13 June 2014.
  10. "2011 Census - Key Statistics for Northern Ireland". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. 11 January 2017. 
  11. "Official Population Figures of Spain. Population on 1 January 2013". INE Instituto Nacional de Estadística. 
  12. "The World Factbook: North America: Mexico: People and Society". The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Diakses tanggal 23 August 2017. mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European) 
  13. "Mexico: Ethnic groups". Encyclopædia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/place/Mexico/Ethnic-groups. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2017: Ethnic composition (2010): 64.3% mestizo; 15% Mexican white; 10.5% detribalized Amerindian; 7.5% other Amerindian; 1% Arab; 0.5% Mexican black; 1.2% other. 
  14. "21 de Marzo: Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Discriminación Racial" [21 March: International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination] (PDF) (dalam bahasa Spanyol). Mexico: CONAPRED. 2017. hlm. 7. Diakses tanggal 23 August 2017. 
  15. (dalam bahaso es) Encuesta Nacional Sobre Discriminación en Mexico. Mexico: CONAPRED. 1 Juni 2011. http://www.conapred.org.mx/userfiles/files/Enadis-2010-RG-Accss-002.pdf. Diakses pado 24 Agustus 2017. 
  16. Central Statistical Office (January 2013). "The national-ethnic affiliation in the population – The results of the census of population and housing in 2011" (PDF) (dalam bahasa Polski). hlm. 1. Diakses tanggal 6 March 2013. 
  17. "Number and composition population of Ukraine: population census 2001". State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. 5 December 2001. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 6 July 2007. Diakses tanggal 5 August 2007. 
  18. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html
  19. Levinas, Gabriel (2015) (dalam bahaso es). Doble agente: La biografía inesperada de Horacio Verbitsky. Penguin Random House Grupo Editorial Argentina. p. 1. ISBN 978-950-07-5394-4. https://books.google.com/books?id=jAReCgAAQBAJ&pg=PA1. 
  20. Sabine Kradolfer Morales. "Ser mapuche en Argentina en el umbral del tercer milenio1" (PDF). Redalyc.org. Diakses tanggal 11 January 2018. 
  21. Francisco Lizcano Fernández (May–August 2005). "Composición Étnica de las Tres Áreas Culturales del Continente Americano al Comienzo del Siglo XXI" (dalam bahaso es). Convergencia. Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Toluca, México: Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México) 12 (38): 218. ISSN 1405-1435. Diarsipan dari nan asli pada 26 Juni 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20130626010236/http://convergencia.uaemex.mx/rev38/38pdf/LIZCANO.pdf. 
  22. Heguy, Silvina (16 January 2005). "El 56% de los argentinos tiene antepasados indígenas" [56% of Argentines have indigenous ancestors] (dalam bahasa Spanyol). edant.clarin.com. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 8 July 2011. 
  23. Navarra, Gabriela (4 September 2011). "Al final...,¿Llegamos de los barcos?" [In the end... did we arrive in boats?] (dalam bahasa Spanyol). La Nacion. Diakses tanggal 12 July 2017. 
  24. David Reich. Who We Are and How We Got Here. Ancient DNA and the New Science of the Human Past (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018
  25. The New York Times (12 October 2019): "How Italians became 'White'". Retrieved 9 July 2020