Urang Malayu Singapura

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Malayu Singapura
ملايو سيڠاڤورا
Malay wedding.jpg
Total populasi
720.000
15% populasi Singapura (2018)[1]
Kawasan jo populasi nan signifikan
 Singapura
Bahaso
Inggirih (bahaso panganta di sikolah jo pamarintah) jo Malayu (resmi jo lingua franca); Singlish (kreol); Jawa, Bawean, Minang (jo bahaso niniak muyang lainnyo)
Agamo
Islam (99.18%),
minoritas Kristen, tak beragama, Buddha, Hindu
Kalompok etnis takaik
Bugih · Jawa · Bawean · Minang · Malayu Malaysia · Indonesia lainnyo · Bisaya Filipina · Austronesia lainnya

Malayu Singapura (Jawi: ملايو سيڠاڤورا) tadiri ateh urang Malayu jo etnis lainnyo nan takaik, sarupo nan didefinisikan dek Pamarintah Singapura jo kaum cadiak candokio di nagara tasabuik nan mamakai konsep laweh dari ras Malayu.[2] Walau baitu Malayu adolah panduduak asali dari wilayah nan kini disabauik sabagai Singapura, dan jo kuaso politik nan panah tagak sarato tacataik sajak mulo abaik ka-13 Masehi, sabagian gadang Malayu di Singapura kini tadiri ateh urang-urang nan barasa dari Malaysia, Brunei jo Indonesia. Sabalun kadatangan Raffles, ado rami panduduak Malayu nan tingga di pulau tu di bawah Kasultanan Johor. Sabagian gadang panduduak Malayu barasa dari Nusantara.[3]

Kalompok etnik[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Minangkabau[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Urang Minangkabau alah lamo marantau ka Singapura. Galombang rantau dari Sumatera taranti samantaro katiko Malaya (katiko itu Singapura bagabuang) pado taun 1957. Mayoritas urang Minang nan marantau ka Singapura tibo dari Pariaman jo Agam, Sumatera Barat. Banyak darinyo nan talibaik dalam niago, utamonyo manggaleh Nasi Padang. Panggaleh-panggaleh ko biaso bakadai di Kampung Arab jo Geylang. Inyo ado pulo nan bakarajo sabagai supir taksi atau urang parak, bahkan ado pulo nan manjadi pagawai pamarintahan. Rami pulo urang Minang nan bakarajo di ateh kapa nan dipunyoi sarikat dagang. Urang Minang sangkek tu panah pulo mambantuak organisasi parantau inggo dilarang samaso Konfrontasi Indonesia-Malaysia taun 1962-1966.

Salapeh Singapura mardeka dari Malaysia taun 1965, rami urang Minangkabau di Singapura bapindah ka Malaysia atau baliak ka Sumatera. Urang-urang nan tingga di Singapura baasimilasi jo komunitas Malayu lainnyo, inggo banyak pulo rang mudo Minang nan manikah jo padusi Malayu satampek. Dek hal iko, ubuangan ka komunitas Minangkabau lainnyo manjadi lungga. Pado taun 1973, dipakirokan ado 200 kaluarga Minangkabau di Singapura dan ampia sadonyo bakawarganagaraan Singapura.

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Bacoan lanjuik[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  • Dr Syed Farid Alatas, Keadaan Sosiologi Masyarakat Melayu, Occasional Paper Series Paper No.5-97, Association of Muslim Professionals Singapore, 1997
  • Dr Syed Hussein Alatas, Prof Khoo Kay Kim & Kwa Chong Guan, Malays/Muslims and the History of Singapore, Occasional Paper Series Paper No.1-98, Centre for Research on Islamic & Malay Affairs, Association of Muslim Professionals Singapore, 1997
  • Brown, C.C, Sejarah Melayu or Malay Annals: a translation of Raffles MS 18, Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Volume 25, No. 2 & 3, 1952
  • Chia Jeannette Hwee Hwee, A History of Javanese and Baweanese of Singapore, Department of History, Thesis for the BA of Arts and Social Sciences, 1993
  • Djamour, Judith Malay Kinship and Marriage in Singapore, London: Athlone Press, 1965
  • Gibson-Hill, C. A., 'he Orang Laut Of The Singapore River and the Sampan Panjang, Singapore: Malayan Branch, Royal Asiatic Society, 1952.
  • Hadijah Rahmat, Kilat Senja: Sejarah Sosial dan Budaya Kampung-Kampung di Singapura, H S Yang Publishing Pte Ltd, Singapore, 2005.
  • Haffidz A. Hamid, Mohd Azhar Khalid, Mohd Alami Musa & Yusof Sulaiman, Factors Affecting Malays/Muslim Pupils' Performance in Education, Occasional Paper Series Paper No.1-95, Centre for Research on Islamic & Malay Affairs, Association of Muslim Professionals Singapore, 1995
  • Dr Khoo Kay Kim, Elinah Abdullah, Wan Meng Hao (ed.), Malays/Muslims in Singapore: Selected Readings in History 1819–1965, Centre for Research on Islamic & Malay Affairs, Association of Muslim Professionals Singapore, 2006
  • Li Tania, Malays in Singapore: Culture, Community and Ideology, Oxford University Press, Singapore, 1989
  • Lily Zubaidah Rahim, The Singapore Dilemma: The Political and Educational Marginality of the Malay Community, Oxford University Press, New York, 1998
  • Mohamed Pitchay Gani Bin Mohamed Abdul Aziz, Leksikon: Direktori Penulis Melayu Singapura Pasca 1965, Angkatan Sasterawan '50, Singapore, 2005.
  • Pang Keng Fong, The Malay Royals of Singapore, Department of Sociology, Thesis for the BA of Social Science, 1984
  • Parliamentary Debates of Singapore, Sultan Hussain Ordinance/Kampong Glam Conservation, Volume 57(7), Tuesday 12 March 1991
  • Perkins, Jane, Kampong Glam: Spirit of a Community, Singapore', Times Publishing, 1984
  • Tengku Mahmud vs. Tengku Ali, Straits Settlements Laws Report 1897 (Vol. 5)
  • Tham Seong Chee, Malay Family Structure: Change and Opportunity with reference to Singapore, Seminar Paper No. 13, Academic Session 1993/94, Department of Malay Studies, National University of Singapore
  • Zarinah Binte Ali, The Istana at Kampong Gelam: From Royal Ground to National Heritage, Department of Southeast Asian Studies Programme, Thesis for the BA of Arts, 2001/2002

Pautan lua[suntiang | suntiang sumber]