Pagunuangan Bukik Barisan

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Bukik Barisan
Pagunuangan
Panorama Pagunuangan Bukik Barisan nampak nan dari Sumatera Barat
Nagara Indonesia
Highest point Gunuang Kurinci
 - elevation 3.805 ft (1.160 m)
Length 1.025 mi (1.650 km), utara–selatan

Pagunuangan Bukik Barisan adolah rangkaian gunuang di sisi barat Pulau Sumatera tabantang nandari ujuang utara (Aceh) sampai ujuang selatan (Lampung) Pulau sarato mampunyoi panjang labiah kurang 1.650 km. Rangkaian gunuang ko mampunyoi puncak tatinggi di Gunuang Kurinci nan talatak di pabatasan Sumatera Barat jo Jambi nan tingginyo 3.805 meter di ateh pamukoan lauik. Bukik Barisan talatak di dakek patamuan antaro lempeng tektonik Eurasia jo Australia.

Dalam bantangan Bukik Barisan ado banyak gunuang barapi nan basalimuik hutan rimbo, tamasuk hutan pinus tropis Sumatera di lereang nan labiah tinggi.[1] Taman Nasional Bukik Barisan Selatan talatak di ujuang selatan bantangan Bukik Barisan.

Ado 35 gunuang barapi aktif di Bukik Barisan. Gunuang barapi paliang gadang adolah Gunuang Toba dalam 100 km x 30 km Danau Toba, nan tabantuak sasudah runtuahnyo kaldera (dipakirokan 74.000 taun silam)[2] Erupsi dipakirokan ado pado level salapan manuruik skala VEI, kamungkinan paliang gadang untuak erupsinyo.

Daftar gunuang barapi[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Barikuik daftar gunuang barapi di Bukik Barisan.[3]

Namo Tipe Elevasi Erupsi tarakhia (VEI) Geolokasi
Weh stratovolcano 617 meter (2024 ft) Templat:Dts/outhide1Pleistocene 5°49′LU 95°17′BT / 5,82°LU 95,28°BT / 5.82; 95.28
Seulawah Agam stratovolcano 1,810 meter (5,94 ft) 01839-01-011839 (2) 5°26′53″LU 95°39′29″BT / 5,448°LU 95,658°BT / 5.448; 95.658
Peuet Sague complex volcano 2,801 meter (9,19 ft) December 25, 2000 (2) 4°54′50″LU 96°19′44″BT / 4,914°LU 96,329°BT / 4.914; 96.329
Geureudong stratovolcano 2,885 meter (9,47 ft) 01937-01-011937 4°48′47″LU 96°49′12″BT / 4,813°LU 96,82°BT / 4.813; 96.82
Mount Leuser non-volcanic 3,466 meter (11,37 ft) 3°44′29″LU 97°9′18″BT / 3,74139°LU 97,155°BT / 3.74139; 97.15500
Kembar shield volcano 2,245 meter (7,37 ft) Templat:Dts/outhide1Pleistocene 3°51′00″LU 97°39′50″BT / 3,85°LU 97,664°BT / 3.850; 97.664
Sibayak stratovolcano 2,212 meter (7,26 ft) 01881-01-011881 3°14′LU 98°31′BT / 3,23°LU 98,52°BT / 3.23; 98.52
Sinabung stratovolcano 2,460 meter (8,07 ft) September 7, 2010 3°10′12″LU 98°23′31″BT / 3,17°LU 98,392°BT / 3.17; 98.392
Toba supervolcano 2,157 meter (7,08 ft) cca 75.000 years ago 2°35′LU 98°50′BT / 2,58°LU 98,83°BT / 2.58; 98.83
Helatoba-Tarutung fumarole field 1,100 meter (3,61 ft) Templat:Dts/outhide1Pleistocene 2°02′LU 98°56′BT / 2,03°LU 98,93°BT / 2.03; 98.93
Imun unknown 1,505 meter (4,94 ft) unknown 2°09′29″LU 98°55′48″BT / 2,158°LU 98,93°BT / 2.158; 98.93
Sibualbuali stratovolcano 1,819 meter (5,97 ft) unknown 1°33′22″LU 99°15′18″BT / 1,556°LU 99,255°BT / 1.556; 99.255
Lubukraya stratovolcano 1,862 meter (6,11 ft) unknown 1°28′41″LU 99°12′32″BT / 1,478°LU 99,209°BT / 1.478; 99.209
Sorikmarapi stratovolcano 2,145 meter (7,04 ft) 01986-01-011986 (1) 0°41′10″LU 99°32′20″BT / 0,686°LU 99,539°BT / 0.686; 99.539
Talakmau complex volcano 2,919 meter (9,58 ft) unknown 0°04′44″LU 99°58′48″BT / 0,079°LU 99,98°BT / 0.079; 99.98
Sarik-Gajah volcanic cone unknown unknown 0°00′29″LU 100°12′00″BT / 0,008°LU 100,2°BT / 0.008; 100.20
Marapi complex volcano 2,891 meter (9,48 ft) August 5, 2004 (2) 0°22′52″LS 100°28′23″BT / 0,381°LS 100,473°BT / -0.381; 100.473
Tandikat stratovolcano 2,438 meter (8,00 ft) 01924-01-011924 (1) 0°25′59″LS 100°19′01″BT / 0,433°LS 100,317°BT / -0.433; 100.317
Talang stratovolcano 2,597 meter (8,52 ft) April 12, 2005 (2) 0°58′41″LS 100°40′44″BT / 0,978°LS 100,679°BT / -0.978; 100.679
Kurinci stratovolcano 3,800 meter (12,47 ft) June 22, 2004 (2) 1°41′49″LS 101°15′50″BT / 1,697°LS 101,264°BT / -1.697; 101.264
Hutapanjang stratovolcano 2,021 meter (6,63 ft) unknown 2°20′LS 101°36′BT / 2,33°LS 101,6°BT / -2.33; 101.60
Sumbing stratovolcano 2,507 meter (8,23 ft) May 23, 1921 (2) 2°24′50″LS 101°43′41″BT / 2,414°LS 101,728°BT / -2.414; 101.728
Kunyit stratovolcano 2,151 meter (7,06 ft) unknown 2°35′31″LS 101°37′48″BT / 2,592°LS 101,63°BT / -2.592; 101.63
Pendan unknown unknown unknown 2°49′LS 102°01′BT / 2,82°LS 102,02°BT / -2.82; 102.02
Belirang-Beriti compound 1,958 meter (6,42 ft) unknown 2°49′LS 102°11′BT / 2,82°LS 102,18°BT / -2.82; 102.18
Bukit Daun stratovolcano 2,467 meter (8,09 ft) unknown 3°23′LS 102°22′BT / 3,38°LS 102,37°BT / -3.38; 102.37
Kaba stratovolcano 1,952 meter (6,40 ft) August 22, 2000 (1) 3°31′LS 102°37′BT / 3,52°LS 102,62°BT / -3.52; 102.62
Dempo stratovolcano 3,173 meter (10,41 ft) October 1994 (1) 4°02′LS 103°08′BT / 4,03°LS 103,13°BT / -4.03; 103.13
Patah unknown 2,817 meter (9,24 ft) unknown 4°16′LS 103°18′BT / 4,27°LS 103,3°BT / -4.27; 103.30
Bukit Lumut Balai stratovolcano 2,055 meter (6,74 ft) unknown 4°14′LS 103°37′BT / 4,23°LS 103,62°BT / -4.23; 103.62
Besar stratovolcano 1,899 meter (6,23 ft) April 1940 (1) 4°26′LS 103°40′BT / 4,43°LS 103,67°BT / -4.43; 103.67
Ranau caldera 1,881 meter (6,17 ft) unknown 4°50′LS 103°55′BT / 4,83°LS 103,92°BT / -4.83; 103.92
Sekincau Belirang caldera 1,719 meter (5,64 ft) unknown 5°07′LS 104°19′BT / 5,12°LS 104,32°BT / -5.12; 104.32
Suoh caldera 1,000 meter (3,281 ft) July 10, 1933 (4) 5°15′LS 104°16′BT / 5,25°LS 104,27°BT / -5.25; 104.27
Hulubelu caldera 1,040 meter (3,41 ft) 01836-01-011836 5°21′LS 104°36′BT / 5,35°LS 104,6°BT / -5.35; 104.60
Rajabasa stratovolcano 1,281 meter (4,20 ft) 01798-01-011798 5°46′48″LS 105°37′30″BT / 5,78°LS 105,625°BT / -5.78; 105.625

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. Travelling in Indonesia Archived August 18, 2007, di Wayback Machine.
  2. Oppenheimer, C. (2002). "Limited global change due to the largest known Quaternary eruption, Toba ≈74 kyr BP?". Quaternary Science Reviews 21 (14–15): 1593–1609. doi:10.1016/S0277-3791(01)00154-8. 
  3. "Volcanoes of Indonesia - Sumatra". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Diarsipan dari nan asli pada 30 Desember 2006. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/region.cfm?rnum=0601. Diakses pado 17 Nopember 2006. 

Koordinat: 3°00′LU 102°15′BT / 3°LS 102,25°BT / -3.000; 102.250

Caliak pulo[suntiang | suntiang sumber]