Geografi

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Peta fisika Bumi

Geografi (dari Yunani γεωγραφία, geographia, harfiah "deskripsi bumi"[1]) adolah sabuah bidang sains nan bakaik jo panilitian tanah, sipaik, panduduak, jo fenomena Bumi.[2] Tarjamahan harfiah adolah "mambari deskripsi atau gambaran tantang bumi, atau manulih tantang bumi". Uraang partamo nan manggunoan kato "geografi" adolah Eratosthenes (276–194 SM).[3] Ampek tradisi sijarah bakaik dengan panilitian geografi adolah analisis spasial (analisis ruang) alami dan fenomena manusia (geografi sabagai kajian distribusi), kajian kawasan (tampek jo rantau), kajian tantang ubuangan manusia-tanah, jo kajian dalam sains Bumi.[4] Sungguahpun baitu, geografi moden marupoan sabuah displin ilmu nan manyaluruah, nan mancari caro untuak mamahami Bumi jo kasado karumikan manusia jo alam—indak sajo tampek talataknyo obyek-obyek, tapi juo caro sadonyo obyek tu barubah dan tajadi. Geografi disabuik "disiplin (cabang ilmu) dunia" jo "jambatan di antaro manusia jo sains fisika". Geografi dibagi ka duo cabang utamo: geografi manusia jo geografi fisika.[5][6][7]

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=geography. Diakses pado 17 April 2009. 
  2. ^ "Geography". The American Heritage Dictionary/ of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/geography. Diakses pado 9 Oktober 2006. 
  3. ^ Eratosthenes' Geography. Princeton University Press. 11 Desember 2010. ISBN 9780691142678. https://books.google.com/books/about/Eratosthenes_Geography.html?id=8peKyWK_SWsC. 
  4. ^ Pattison, W.D. (1990). "The Four Traditions of Geography". Journal of Geography 89 (5): 202–6. doi:10.1080/00221349008979196. ISSN 0022-1341. http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclarke/G200B/four_20traditions_20of_20geography.pdf.  Reprint of a 1964 article.
  5. ^ http://web.clas.ufl.edu/users/morgans/lecture_2.prn.pdf
  6. ^ "1(b). Elements of Geography". Physicalgeography.net. http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/1b.html. Diakses pado 17 April 2009. 
  7. ^ Bonnett, Alastair What is Geography? London, Sage, 2008