Bangso Korea

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Bangso Korea
한국인 (韓國人)
조선인 (朝鮮人)
Total populasi
lk. 85 juta[1]
Map of the Korean Diaspora in the World.svg
Kawasan jo populasi nan signifikan
 South Korea       51,709,098[2]
 North Korea      25,778,815[3]
Diaspora pada 2019
lk. 7.5 juta[4]
 Amerika Serikat2,546,982[4]
 Cino2,461,386[4]
 Japang824,977[4]
 Kanada241,750[4]
 Uzbekistan177,270[4]
 Vietnam172,684[4]
 Russia169,933[4]
 Australia218,000[4]
109,923[4]
 Indonesia78,676[4]
 Brazil48,281[4]
 Jerman44,864[4]
 Inggris40,770[4]
 New Zealand38,114[4]
 Prancis29,167[4]
 Argentina23,063[4]
 Hong Kong22,506[4]
 Singapura21,406[4]
 Malaysia20,861[4]
 Thailand20,200[4]
 Kyrgyzstan18,515[4]
 Ukraina13,070[4]
 Sweden12,721[4]
 Kamboja11,969[4]
 Mexico11,897[4]
 India11,273[4]
 United Arab Emirates10,930[4]
 Denmark9,581[4]
 Belanda8,943[4]
 Norwegia7,667[4]
 Taiwan5,132[4]
Bahaso
Korean,[5] Korean Sign Language
Agamo
Mayoritas: Indak baagamo
Minoritas: Kristen (predominantly Protestantism, also Catholics), Korean Buddhism, Korean Confucianism, Korean Shamanism, Cheondoism[6][7]

Bangso Korea atau urang Korea (bahaso Korea Selatan:한민족/한국인/한국사람, 韓民族/韓國人/韓國사람, Han minjok/etnis, Hanguk in (Urang bangso Han), Hanguksaram, bahaso Korea Utara: 조선민족/조선인/조선사람, 朝鮮民族/朝鮮人/朝鮮사람 Joseon minjok/etnis, Joseon (urang)/Joseonsaram) adolah salah ciek suku bangso gadang nan ado di wilayah Asia Timur.[8] Sabagian gadang urang Korea tingga di Semenanjung Korea.

Bangso Korea umumnyo hiduik dalam duo negara Korea: Korea Utara jo Korea Selatan. Bangso Korea marupokan kalompok etnis tagadang kalimo baleh di dunia. Urang Korea juo dikenal sabagai kelompok etnis minoritas di negara Asia nan lain; sarupo Cino, Japang, Kazakhstan jo Uzbekistan. Urang Korea ado pulo nan mambuek komunitas nan cukuik gadang di Eropa, spesifik di Rusia, Jerman, Inggris, jo Prancis. Pado taun 2020, dipakiroan ado 7.5 juta bangso Korea nan hiduik jo tingga di lua Korea.[9]

Namo Korea[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Urang Korea Selatan manyabuik rakyaiknyo Hangukin (atau sadarhanonyo 한인/ Han in untuak urang Korea Selatan nan tingga di lua nagari)(한국인; 韓國人) atau Hanguk saram (한국 사람; 韓國 사람). Sadangkan urang Korea Utara manyabuik inyo surang jo Joseon-in atau Joseon-saram (조선 사람; 朝鮮 사람). namo tasabuik manyangkuik ka "urang Joseon" nan marupokan turunan dari Dinasti Joseon, kerajaan Korea nan didirikan dek Yi Seonggye yang batahan kiro-kiro salamo 5 abaik dari 1392 hinggo 1910.[10] [11]

Asa usul[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Urang Korea dipacayo marupokan katurunan suku Bangso Altaik[12][13] atau proto-Altaic[14] nan masih bakaik jo urang Mongol, Japang, Tungusik, dan urang Turkik sarato banyak suku dari Asia Tangah nan lain. Bukti arkeologi mandugo bangsa Korea tuo (Proto-Korea) adolah para pandatang Altaik dari Siberia Tenggara (kini wilayah Rusia)[15] nan datang baturuik-turuik pado maso paraliahan dari jaman neolitik (jaman batu baru) manuju jaman parunggu.[16]

Dalam pakambangan teknologi nan mampalajari DNA manusia pado kromosom Y, alah mampaliekan bahwasanyo urang Korea sajak jaman dulu iolah suku bangso nan khusus jo endogami, yaitu dengan bukti tingginyo frekuensi kromosom Y dari Hplogrup O2b nan dimiliki pria Korea. Bisa dikecekan DNA Y Haplogrup O2b hanyo spesifik untuak bangso Korea. Walaupun salamo wakatu nan lamo sajak maso prasejarah bangso Korea alah banyak bacampua jo bangso nan lainyo di Asia Timur, sabagian gadang urang Korea mamiliki bukti dari asa inyo sabagai bangso Altai, postur badan nan tinggi, hiduang nan mancuang, tulang pipi nan tinggi jo adonyo bintiak mongol, yaitu tando genetik kebiru-biruan pado bagian bawah badan nan tasiso hanyo pado maso ketek.

Galeri Bangso Korea[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. Korean Peninsula (51.71 million + 25.78 million) + Korean diaspora (7.5 million)
  2. Kosis 100대 지표. 
  3. "Worldbank, 2020". 
  4. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af 재외동포현황(2019)/Total number of overseas Koreans (2019). South Korea: Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 21 Juni 2019. http://www.mofa.go.kr/www/wpge/m_21509/contents.do. Diakses pado 9 Nopember 2019. 
  5. Templat:Ethnologue17
  6. "International Religious Freedom Report: Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) 2015" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. Diakses tanggal 23 December 2016. In a 2002 report ... the government reported there were 12,000 Protestants, 10,000 Buddhists, and 800 Roman Catholics. The report noted that Cheondoism, a modern religious movement based on 19th century Korean neo-Confucian movement, had approximately 15,000 practitioners. Consulting shamans and engaging in shamanistic rituals is reportedly widespread but difficult to quantify. 
  7. "International Religious Freedom Report: Republic of Korea 2015" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. Diakses tanggal 23 December 2016. According to a 2010 survey, approximately 24 percent of the population is Buddhist; 24 percent Protestant; 8 percent Roman Catholic; and 43 percent professes no religious belief. Followers of all other religious groups ... together constitute less than 1 percent of the population. 
  8. Asian Americans: Contemporary Trends and Issues - Page 40 by Pyrong Gap Min
  9. 재외동포현황(2019)/Total number of overseas Koreans (2019). South Korea: Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  10. Lee, Seokwoo (2016). The Making of International Law in Korea: From Colony to Asian Power. hal. 321. ISBN 978-9004315785
  11. Kim, Hyunjin (21 May 2009). Ethnicity and Foreigners in Ancient Greece and China. Bloomsbury Academic. hal. 140.
  12. Nelson, Sarah M. (1993). The Archaeology of Korea. Cambridge University Press. hlm. 6.
  13. "Korean people(한민족)". Naver Encyclopedia (dalam bahasa Korean). Diakses tanggal 2007-03-09. (bantuan)
  14. "Korean people(한민족)". Encyclopedia Britannica Korea (dalam bahasa Korean). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2013-03-29. Diakses tanggal 2007-03-09
  15. The Rise of Civilization in East Asia: the Archaeology of China, Korea and Japan, hal. 165
  16. 뿌리 깊은 한국사, 샘이 깊은 이야기: 고조선, 삼국, pp. 44-45