Hong Kong

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Mandarin: 香港 ; Pinyin: Xiānggǎng; rasminyo Daerah Administratif Kusuih Hong Kong) adolah kota nan talatak di bagian tanggara Cino di Pearl River Estuari dan Lauik Cino Salatan [1]. Hong Kong dikana dek pakambangannyo nan ekspansif, palabuahan lauik dalam alami, jo kapadekan panduduak nan sangek tinggi (sakitar 7 juta jiwa pado lahan salaweh 1.104 km2 (426 sq mi) [2]. Populasi Hong Kong kini ko tadiri dari 93.6% etnih Cino [3]. Kabanyakan dari panduduak Hong Kong nan babahaso Kanton barasa dari Provinsi Guangdong [4], di mano panduduak jo katarampilan malarikan diri katiko pamarintah kumunih mangontrol Tiongkok taun 1949 [5][6][7][8].

Sasudah kakalahan Cino di Parang Opium Partamo (1839–42) dari Karajaan Inggirih, Hong Kong manjadi koloni Inggris jo disarahkannyo Pulau Hong Kong, kudian diikuiki Samananjuang Kowloon taun 1860 jo panyeoan 99 taun New Territories taun 1898. Sasudah diduduaki dek Japang salamo Parang Dunia II (1941–45), Inggirih mangontrol baliak Hong Kong sampai 30 Juni 1997. Sabagai hasil dari negosiasi antaro Cino jo Inggirih, Hong Kong disarahkan ka Republik Rakyaik Cino malalui Deklaratasi Basamo Sino-Inggirih taun 1984. Kota iko manjadi Daerah Administratif Khusuih patamo di Cino malalui asas "satu negara, dua sistem".[9][10]

Referensi[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. "Geography and Climate, Hong Kong" (PDF). Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Government. Diakses tanggal 10 January 2007. 
  2. Ash, Russell (2006). The Top 10 of Everything 2007. Hamlyn. p. 78. ISBN 0-600-61532-4. 
  3. 2011 Population Census – Summary Results (PDF) (Laporan). Census and Statistics Department. February 2012. Diakses tanggal 5 September 2013. 
  4. Fan Shuh Ching (1974). "The Population of Hong Kong". World Population Year (Committee for International Coordination of National Research in Demography): 18–20. http://www.cicred.org/Eng/Publications/pdf/c-c21.pdf. Diakses pado 25 Agustus 2010. 
  5. Second paragraph reads, "The first wave of refugees came to Hong Kong in the 1930s to escape from the Chinese Civil War and the Sino-Japanese War, but it wasn't until 1949, during the Chinese exodus, when an estimated one million-plus mainland Chinese started coming into the city via the northern borders. Many people, mostly anti-communist Kuomintang officials and capitalists, rushed to Hong Kong in search of refuge." "A history of refugees in Hong Kong". Time Out Hong Kong – Know your City. 18 June 2013. Diakses tanggal 9 September 2013. 
  6. Page 16, "The turmoil on the mainland, leading to the defeat of the Nationalists and takeover by the Communists in 1949, unleashed a torrent of refugees – both rich and poor -into Hong Kong." Hong Kong: Facts about Hong Kong -History (edisi ke-10th). Hong Kong: Lonely Planet. 4 September 2002. p. 16. ISBN 1864502304. 
  7. Carroll, John (2007). A Concise History of Hong Kong. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 127. ISBN 978-0742534223. 
  8. "Veterans who fled mainland for Hong Kong in 1970s tell their stories". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. Diakses tanggal 9 September 2013. 
  9. "Basic Law, Chapter IV, Section 4". Basic Law Promotion Steering Committee. Diakses tanggal 10 November 2009. 
  10. Russell, Peter H.; O'Brien, David M. (2001). Judicial Independence in the Age of Democracy: Critical Perspectives from around the World. University of Virginia Press. p. 306. ISBN 978-0-8139-2016-0.