Lompat ke isi

Basmalah

Wikipedia Minangkabau - Lubuak aka tapian ilimu

Basmalah (bahaso Arab: بَسْمَلَة, basmalah; disabuik juo Bi-smi llāh; بِسْمِ ٱللَّٰهِ, "Jo manyabuik namo Allah",[1] atau Tasmiyyah, تَسْمِيَّة) adolah frasa dalam agamo Islam nan bamakna "Jo manyabuik namo Allah Nan Maha Pangasiah jo Maha Panyayang" (bahaso Arab: بِسْمِ ٱللَّٰهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ, bi-smi llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīmi). Bacaan iko diucapkan satiok surang Muslim malakukan sumbayang jo dianjurkan dibaco satiok mamulai kagiatan sahari-harinyo sahinggo apo pun nan inyo karajoan samato-mato niaik karano Allah sarato mandapek an restu ateh karajonyo tu.

Salain digunoan dalam kagiatan harian, digunokan pulo dalam konstitusi nagara nan manatapkan Islam sabagai agamo rasmi jo umumnyo kalua dalam pambukaan/mukadimah konstitusi tasabuik, takah [2] Arab Saudi,[3] Bahrain,[4] Bangladesh,[5] Brunei,[6] Iran,[7] Irak,[8] Kuwait,[9] Libya,[10] Maladewa,[11] Mesir,[12] Pakistan,[13] Tunisia[14], jo Uni Emirat Arab.[15]

Basmalah ado disatiok surek dalam al-Qur'an, kacuali Surek at-Taubah.[16] Parbantahan umaik muslim takaik panggunoan basmalah dalam mushaf al-Quran (ado nan mamakainyo, ado nan indak) mancapai kasapakatan akhia katiko tabiknyo Edisi Kairo, nan di dalamnyo mamuek basmalah sabagai ayat patamo Surek al-Fatihah, tapi digunoan pulo sabagai awalan dari 112 surek nan lainnyo, ditandoi sabagai ayaik indak banomor.[17]

Kato basmalah dipakirokan punyo varian awal nan alah muncua dalam manuskrip Arab sajak abaik ka-5 jo ka-6.[18]

Rujukan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. Shelquist, Richard (2008-01-03). "Bismillah al rahman al rahim". Living from the Heart. Wahiduddin. Diakses tanggal 2009-06-21. 
  2. "Afghanistan Constitution". International Constitutional Law Project. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  3. "The Constitution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia" (PDF). Constitute Project. 
  4. "Constitution of the State of Bahrain" (PDF). Constitution Finder. University of Richmond. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 16 June 2015. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  5. "The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh". Laws of Bangladesh. Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  6. "Constitution of Brunei Darussalam (as revised 1984)" (PDF). Constitution Finder. University of Richmond. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 4 March 2016. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  7. "Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran". International Constitutional Law Project. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  8. "Iraqi Constitution" (PDF). Republic of Iran - Ministry of Interior - General Directorate of Nationality. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 28 November 2016. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  9. "Kuwait Constitution". International Constitutional Law Project. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  10. "Libya's Constitution of 2011" (PDF). Constitute Project. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  11. "Constitution of the Republic of Maldives 2008" (PDF). Republic of Maldives Ministry of Tourism. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  12. "Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt 2014" (PDF). Egypt State Information Service. Egypt State Information Service. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  13. "The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan" (PDF). National Assembly of Pakistan. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  14. "The Constitution of the Republic of Tunisia" (PDF). Venice Commission. Council of Europe. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  15. "Constitution of the United Arab Emirates" (PDF). Refworld The Leader in Refugee Decision Support. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Diakses tanggal 5 January 2016. 
  16. Ali, Kecia; Leaman, Oliver (2008). Islam: the key concepts (edisi ke-Repr.). London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-39638-7. https://archive.org/details/islamkeyconcepts0000alik. 
  17. William A. Graham "Basmala" Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an, Vol. 1
  18. Ahmad al-Jallad (2020). "The Linguistic Landscape of pre-Islamic Arabia: Context for the Qur’an", in Mustafa Shah & Muhammad Abdel Haleem (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Quranic Studies. Oxford University Press, p. 123. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199698646.013.44.