Bulan

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Bulan ☾
Full Moon in the darkness of the night sky. It is patterned with a mix of light-tone regions and darker, irregular blotches, and scattered with varying sizes of impact craters, circles surrounded by out-thrown rays of bright ejecta.
The Moon with its fully illuminated near side (north is at top)
Designations
Designation
Earth I
Adjectives
Orbital characteristics
Epoch J2000
Perigee362600 km
(356400370400 km)
Apogee405400 km
(404000406700 km)
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EccentricityLua error in Modul:Val at line 269: attempt to call local 'lookup' (a nil value).[1]
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(27 d 7 h 43 min 11.5 s[1])
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(29 d 12 h 44 min 2.9 s)
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Inclination5.145° to the ecliptic[2][lower-alpha 1]
Regressing by one revolution in 18.61 years
Progressing by one
revolution in 8.85 years
Satellite ofEarth[lower-alpha 2][3]
Physical characteristics
Mean radius
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(0.2727 of Earth's)
[1][4][5]
Equatorial radius
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(0.2725 of Earth's)
[4]
Polar radius
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(0.2731 of Earth's)
[4]
FlatteningLua error in Modul:Val at line 269: attempt to call local 'lookup' (a nil value).[4]
CircumferenceLua error in Modul:Val at line 269: attempt to call local 'lookup' (a nil value).  (equatorial)
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(0.074 of Earth's)
VolumeLua error in Modul:Val at line 269: attempt to call local 'lookup' (a nil value).  
(0.020 of Earth's)[4]
MassLua error in Modul:Val at line 269: attempt to call local 'lookup' (a nil value).  
(Lua error in Modul:Val at line 269: attempt to call local 'lookup' (a nil value). of Earth's)[1][4]
[6]
Mean density
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2,38 km/s
(8600 km/h; 5300 mph)
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(29 d 12 h 44 min 2.9 s; synodic; solar day) (spin-orbit locked)
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Equatorial rotation velocity
4.627 m/s
North pole right ascension
  •  17j 47m 26d
  • 266.86°[10]
North pole declination
65.64°[10]
Albedo0.136[11]
Surface temp. min mean max
Equator 100 K[12] 250 K 390 K[12]
85°N  150 K 230 K[13]
29.3 to 34.1 arcminutes[4][lower-alpha 4]
Atmosphere[14]
Surface pressure
Composition by volume
Bulan nan bawarna merah jo jingga, nampak dari Bumi katiko gerhana Bulan, iko tajadi katiko Bumi barado di antaro Bulan jo Matohari.

Bulan adolah satelit alami Bumi[lower-alpha 2][3] nan marupokan satelit paliang gadang ka limo dalam Tata Surya. Bulan marupokan pulo satelit alami paliang gadang di Tata Surya manuruik ukuran planet nan diorbitnyo.[lower-alpha 6] Bulan mampunyoi diameter 27%, kepadatan 60%, jo massa181 (1.23%) dari Bumi. Di antaro satelit alami lainnyo, Bulan adolah satelit paliang padat kaduo sasudah Io, satelit Jupiter.

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. a b c d e f g Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> indak sah; indak ado teks untuak ref banamo W06
  2. a b Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> indak sah; indak ado teks untuak ref banamo Lang2011
  3. a b Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> indak sah; indak ado teks untuak ref banamo Morais2002
  4. a b c d e f g h i j Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> indak sah; indak ado teks untuak ref banamo NSSDC
  5. Smith, David E.; Zuber, Maria T.; Neumann, Gregory A.; Lemoine, Frank G. (1 January 1997). "Topography of the Moon from the Clementine lidar". Journal of Geophysical Research. 102 (E1): 1601. Bibcode:1997JGR...102.1591S. doi:10.1029/96JE02940. hdl:2060/19980018849alt=Dapat diakses gratis. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 19 August 2020. Diakses tanggal 2 December 2019. 
  6. Terry, Paul (2013). Top 10 of Everything. Octopus Publishing Group Ltd. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-600-62887-3. 
  7. Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> indak sah; indak ado teks untuak ref banamo Williams1996
  8. Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> indak sah; indak ado teks untuak ref banamo SolarViews
  9. Makemson, Maud W. (1971). "Determination of selenographic positions". The Moon. 2 (3): 293–308. Bibcode:1971Moon....2..293M. doi:10.1007/BF00561882. 
  10. a b Archinal, Brent A.; A'Hearn, Michael F.; Bowell, Edward G.; Conrad, Albert R.; Consolmagno, Guy J.; Courtin, Régis; Fukushima, Toshio; Hestroffer, Daniel; Hilton, James L.; Krasinsky, George A.; Neumann, Gregory A.; Oberst, Jürgen; Seidelmann, P. Kenneth; Stooke, Philip J.; Tholen, David J.; Thomas, Paul C.; Williams, Iwan P. (2010). "Report of the IAU Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements: 2009" (PDF). Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. 109 (2): 101–135. Bibcode:2011CeMDA.109..101A. doi:10.1007/s10569-010-9320-4. Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 4 March 2016. Diakses tanggal 24 September 2018.  also available "via usgs.gov" (PDF). Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal 27 April 2019. Diakses tanggal 26 September 2018. 
  11. Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> indak sah; indak ado teks untuak ref banamo Saari
  12. a b Bugby, D. C.; Farmer, J. T.; O’Connor, B. F.; Wirzburger, M. J.; C. J. Stouffer, E. D. Abel (January 2010). "Two‐Phase Thermal Switching System for a Small, Extended Duration Lunar Surface Science Platform". AIP Conference Proceedings. 1208. pp. 76–83. doi:10.1063/1.3326291. 
  13. Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> indak sah; indak ado teks untuak ref banamo Vasavada1999
  14. Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> indak sah; indak ado teks untuak ref banamo L06


Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> ado untuak grup banamo "lower-alpha", tapi indak ado <references group="lower-alpha"/>