Sang Pangeran

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Sang Pangeran
Machiavelli Principe Cover Page.jpg
Alaman muko edisi 1550
Pengarang Niccolo Machiavelli
Judul asli De Principatibus / Il Principe
Negara Itali
Bahasa Itali
Subjek Ilmu politik
Genre Nonfiksi
Penerbit Antonio Blado d'Asola.
Tanggal terbit 1532[1]
Diikuti Wacana tantang Livy

Sang Pangeran (Bahaso Itali: Il Principe]] [il ˈprintʃipe]) adolah sabuah traktat politik abaik ka-16 nan ditulih dek ahli diplomat jo pilsapaik politik, Niccolo Machiavelli. Dari surek-surek, ciek versi diagiaan pado taun 1513, bajudua Latin, De Principatibus ("Hal Tantang Karajaan"). Walaupun baitu versi cetak indak tabik inggo taun 1532, limo taun lapeh kamatian Machiavelli. Ini dibuek dengan isin paus Medici, Clement VII, tapi "lamo sabalun tu, malah samanjak tabiknyo Il Principe dalam bantuak manuskrip, kontroversi lah bakisa tantang tulisannyo.".[2]

Walaupun buku ditulih sarupo karya tradisional jo caro "camin untuak rajo", sarjana-sarjana sapakaik mamandang buku iko sabagai karya nan inovatif. Ini disabaukan inyo ditulih dalam bahaso Itali vernakular jo indak Latin, ciek caro nan manjadi samangkin populer samanjak tabik Divine Comedy dek Dante, juo karya-karya literatur Renaisans lain.[3][4]

Pangeran kadang-kadang disabuik sabagai ciek dari karya-karya taawal pilsapaik moden, tarutamonyo pilsapaik politik nan manganggap kabanaran babakeh labiah pantiang dari karapian abstrak. Inyo juo balawan jo doktrin-doktrin Katolik jo skolatisisme nan dominan di wakatu tu tantang caro maliek politik jo etika.[5][6]

Traktat iko relatif pendek namun iko paliang diingek antaro karya-karya Machiavelli, jo inyo batangguang jawab mambao kato "Machiavellian" sabagai kato cacian.[7] Dalam bagian subjek, inyo banungguak dengan Discourses on Livy, nan labiah panjang, nan ditulih babarapo taun salapeh Pangeran. Dalam pamakaiannyo dek urang Itali kontemporer sabagai contoh urang nan mambuek kajahatan dek politik, Pangeran juo dibandiang jo sabuah karya Machiavelli nan kurang tanamo, Life of Castruccio Castracani ("Kisah Kaidupan Castruccio Castracani").

Kisah nan tadapek di Pangeran mampunyoi tema umum nan manarimo nyato tujuan rajo-rajo—kamuliaan jo kamandirian—buliah diguno sabagai alasan untuak manggunoan caro indak moral untuak mancapai tujuan tasabuik:[8]

Siapo nan maabaian apo nan dibuek untuak apo nan aruih dibuek, lamo atau capek akan mandatangan kaancuaan jo indak pamaliaroannyo.[9]

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. Kutipan rusak: Tag <ref> indak sah; indak ado teks untuak ref banamo thompson
  2. Templat:Harvcoltxt page 14.
  3. "Italian Vernacular Literature". Vlib.iue.it. http://vlib.iue.it/carrie/texts/carrie_books/gilbert/06.html. Diakses pado 9 Januari 2012. 
  4. Templat:Harvcoltxt emphasizes similarities between The Prince and its forerunners, but still sees the same innovations as other commentators.
  5. Templat:Harvcoltxt
  6. Walaupun Machiavellimambuek banyak rujuakan ka sumber klasik, rujuakan iko indak manunjuakan raso hormat bana pado Aristotle, ahli pilsapaik nan mandapek isin dari pihak gareja jamannyo.Templat:Harvcoltxt says that "Machiavelli indicates his fundamental disagreement with Aristotle's doctrine of the whole by substituting "chance" (caso) for "nature" in the only context in which he speaks of "the beginning of the world." Strauss gives evidence that Machiavelli was knowingly influenced by Democritus, whose philosophy of nature was, like that of modern science, materialist.
  7. Templat:Harvcoltxt
  8. Templat:Harvcoltxt: "Machiavelli is the only political thinker whose name has come into common use for designating a kind of politics, which exists and will continue to exist independently of his influence, a politics guided exclusively by considerations of expediency, which uses all means, fair or foul, iron or poison, for achieving its ends – its end being the aggrandizement of one's country or fatherland – but also using the fatherland in the service of the self-aggrandizement of the politician or statesman or one's party."
  9. Machiavelli. "Chapter 15". The Prince. Wikisource. https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Prince_(Hill_Thomson)/Chapter_XV.