Marxisme

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Marxisme marupokan kaidah analisis sosio-ekonomi nan manggunoan penafsiran kabendaan taradok pakambangan sijarah, nan labiah masyhur dikenali sabagai materialisme historis, untuak labiah mamahami relasi kelas jo konflik sosial sarato suduik pandang dialektis maliek transformasi sosial. Marxisme barasa dari buah pikia filusuf Jerman abaik ke-19 Karl Marx jo Friedrich Engels. Karano Marxisme alah bakambang dari maso ka maso manjadi babagai cabang jo aliran pamikiran, kini ko indak adolah do ciek pun teori Marxisme nan pasti.[1]

Babarapo aliran pamikiran Marxis labiah manakanan aspek-aspek tatantu sajo dari Marxisme klasik sambianyo manolak atau mamodifikasi aspek-aspek lainnyo. Babarapo aliran alah bausaho untuak manggabuangan konsep-konsep Marxian jo konsep-konsep non-Marxian nan kudian hari manghasiakan kasimpulan-kasimpulan nan kontradiktif.[2] Alah dikamukokan pulo basonyo ado usaho manuju pangakuan materialisme historis jo dialektis sabagai konsepsi fundamental dari sado aliran pamikiran Marxis. Pandangan ko dibantah dek babarapo post-Marxis takah Ernesto Laclau jo Chantal Mouffe, nan mangklaim baso sijarah ko indak hanyo ditantuan dek caro produksi sajo tapi juo dek kasadaran jo kahandak.[3]

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. Wolff, Richard, and Stephen Resnick (August 1987). Economics: Marxian versus Neoclassical. The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-8018-3480-6. The German Marxists extended the theory to groups and issues Marx had barely touched. Marxian analyses of the legal system, of the social role of women, of foreign trade, of international rivalries among capitalist nations, and the role of parliamentary democracy in the transition to socialism drew animated debates ... Marxian theory (singular) gave way to Marxian theories (plural).
  2. [2] O'Hara, Phillip (September 2003). Encyclopedia of Political Economy, Volume 2. Routledge. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-415-24187-8. Marxist political economists differ over their definitions of capitalism, socialism and communism. These differences are so fundamental, the arguments among differently persuaded Marxist political economists have sometimes been as intense as their oppositions to political economies that celebrate capitalism.
  3. Sim, Stuart (2001). Post-marxism: an intellectual history. Routledge. p. 15. ISBN 978-0415218146.