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Danau Laacher

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Danau Laacher
Danau Laacher - Panorama kaldera gunuang api
Panorama kaldera gunuang api
Lokasi Ahrweiler, Rhineland-Palatinate
Koordinat 50°24′45″N 07°16′12″E / 50.41250°N 7.27000°E / 50.41250; 7.27000Koordinat: 50°24′45″N 07°16′12″E / 50.41250°N 7.27000°E / 50.41250; 7.27000
Jinih danau danau kaldera vulkanis
Aliran kalua utamo Fulbert-Stollen (kanal)
Talatak di nagara Jerman
Laweh pamukoan 3.3 km2 (1.3 sq mi)
Kadalaman maks. 53 m (174 ft)
Katinggian pamukoan 275 m (902 ft)

Danau Laacher atau Laacher See (pangucapan Jerman: [ˈlaːxɐ ˈzeː]), adolah sabuah danau kaldera vulkanis jo diameter 2 km (1.2 mi) talatak di Rhineland-Palatinate, Jerman, sakitar 24 km (15 mi) barat laut Koblenz, 37 km (23 mi) selatan Bonn, dan 8 km (5.0 mi) barat Andernach. Danau iko tamasuak dalam Barisan Gunuang Eifel, dan marupakan bagian dari medan vulkanis Eifel Timur dalam Eifel Vulkanis nan labiah gadang. Danau iko tabantuak dek latusan Plinius sakitar 13.000 taun BP jo Indeks Dayo Ladak Vulkanis (VEI) 6, skala nan saroman jo latusan Pinatubo tahun 1991.[1][2][3][4][5] Palapehan vulkanis nan diamati sabagai mofeta di pantai tenggara danau marupokan tando-tando vulkanisme nan indak aktif.

Deskripsi[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Danau iko babantuak lonjoang nan dikaliliangi dek tapian nan tinggi. Lavanyo dikali untuak batu giliang dari zaman Romawi sampai ditanamokannyo rol basi untuak manggiliang bijo-bijoan.[6]

Caliak pulo[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. Oppenheimer, Clive (2011). Eruptions that Shook the World. Cambridge University Press. pp. 216–217. ISBN 978-0-521-64112-8. https://archive.org/details/eruptionsthatsho00oppe. 
  2. de Klerk, Pim; et al. (2008). "Environmental impact of the Laacher See eruption at a large distance from the volcano: Integrated palaeoecological studies from Vorpommern (NE Germany)". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 270 (1–2): 196–214. Bibcode:2008PPP...270..196D. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.09.013. 
  3. Bogaard, Paul van den (1995). "40Ar/39Ar ages of sanidine phenocrysts from Laacher See Tephra (12,900 yr BP): Chronostratigraphic and petrological significance". Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 133 (1–2): 163–174. Bibcode:1995E&PSL.133..163V. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(95)00066-L. 
  4. "Geo-Education and Geopark Implementation in the Vulkaneifel European Geopark/Vulkanland Eifel National Geopark". The Geological Society of America. 2011. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 13 January 2019. Diakses tanggal 8 January 2013. 
  5. Templat:Cite Q
  6. Hull, Edward (1892). Volcanoes: Past and Present (edisi ke-2010). Echo Library. pp. 73–74. ISBN 9781406868180. https://books.google.com/books?id=gwVQwrwendQC&pg=PA72. Diakses pado 2 Desember 2021. 

Bacoan lanjuik[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  •  "Laacher See" Encyclopædia Britannica 16 (edisi ke-11) 16 Juni 1911 p. 1 
  • Ginibre, Catherine; Wörner, Gerhard; Kronz, Andreas (2004). "Structure and Dynamics of the Laacher See Magma Chamber (Eifel, Germany) from Major and Trace Element Zoning in Sanidine: a Cathodoluminescence and Electron Microprobe Study". Journal of Petrology. 45 (11): 2197–2223. Bibcode:2004JPet...45.2197G. doi:10.1093/petrology/egh053alt=Dapat diakses gratis. 
  • Park, Cornelia; Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich (1997). "Lake Formation and Catastrophic Dam Burst during the Late Pleistocene Laacher See Eruption (Germany)". Naturwissenschaften. 84 (12): 521–525. Bibcode:1997NW.....84..521P. doi:10.1007/s001140050438. 
  • Riede, Felix (2008). "The Laacher See-eruption (12,920 BP) and material culture change at the end of the Allerød in Northern Europe". Journal of Archaeological Science. 35 (3): 591–599. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2007.05.007. 
  • Hensch, Martin; Dahm, Torsten; Ritter, Joachim; Heimann, Sebastian; Schmidt, Bernd; Stange, Stefan; Lehmann, Klaus (2019). "Deep low-frequency earthquakes reveal ongoing magmatic recharge beneath Laacher See Volcano (Eifel, Germany)". Geophysical Journal International. 216 (3): 2025–2036. Bibcode:2019GeoJI.216.2025H. doi:10.1093/gji/ggy532alt=Dapat diakses gratis. 

Pautan lua[suntiang | suntiang sumber]