Abjad Yunani

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Aksara Yunani
Greekalphabet.svg
Jinih
Bahaso Yunani
Wakatu
c. 800 SM – kini ko[1]
Sistem induak
Sistem anak
Arah tulih Templat:ISO 15924 direction
ISO 15924 Templat:ISO 15924 code, Templat:ISO 15924 number
Alias Unikod
Templat:ISO 15924 alias
Templat:Ublist

Aksara, Huruf atau Abjad Yunani (atau Abjad Grek) alah digunoan untuak manulih bahaso Yunani samanjak abaik ka-8 SM.[2] Inyo tabik dari abjad Phoenicia nan labiah tuo,[3] jo marupoan aksara partamo nan mampunyoi huruf untuak vokal jo konsonan. Inyo moyang kapado aksara-aksara Latin jo Cyril (atau Sirilik, Cyrillic).[4] Salain dari panggunoannyo untuak manulih bahaso Yunani, inyo juo manjadi sumber simbol teknikal jo label di bidang-bidang matematika, sains jo bidang-badang lain.

Dalam bantuak kuno jo moden, aksara Yunani mampunyoi 24 huruf, diatua dari huruf alpha ka omega. Sarupo jo Latin jo Cyril, pado asanyo, aksara Yunani anyo ado ciek bantuak untuak satiok huruf; inyo mangambangan pabedoan huruf gadang jo huruf ketek salari dangan Latin di era moden.

Bunyi jo transkripsi lazim buek babarapo huruf babedo antaro Yunani Kuno jo Yunani Moden, sabauk caro bahaso Yunani disabuik lah batuka bana dari abaik ka-5 inggo kini ko. Yunani Moden jo Kuno manggunoan tando diakritik babedo. Ortografi politonik, nan digunoan dek Yunani Kuno mampunyoi banyaik diakritik, sarupo tando aksen untuak aksen nada, tando angok buek bunyi /h/, jo subskrip iota untuak bunyi /i/. Ortografi dalam ijoan Yunani Moden lah dimudahan ka sistem monotonik nan anyo manggunoan duo tando diakritik: aksen akut jo diaresis.

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. ^ Swiggers 1996.
  2. ^ Cook 1987, hlm. 9.
  3. ^ The Development of the Greek Alphabet within the Chronology of the ANE (2009), Quote: "Naveh gives four major reasons why it is universally agreed that the Greek alphabet was developed from an early Phoenician alphabet.
    1 According to Herodutous “the Phoenicians who came with Cadmus... brought into Hellas the alphabet, which had hitherto been unknown, as I think, to the Greeks.”
    2 The Greek Letters, alpha, beta, gimmel have no meaning in Greek but the meaning of most of their Semitic equivalents is known. For example, ‘aleph’ means ‘ox’, ‘bet’ means ‘house’ and ‘gimmel’ means ‘throw stick’.
    3 Early Greek letters are very similar and sometimes identical to the West Semitic letters.
    4 The letter sequence between the Semitic and Greek alphabets is identical. (Naveh 1982)"
  4. ^ Coulmas 1996.