Spanyol

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Kingdom of Spain
Reino de España
Motto"Plus Ultra" (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Lagu kabangsaan"Marcha Real" (Spanish)
"Royal March"
Lokasi  Spanyol  (dark green)

– di Eropa  (green & dark grey)
– dalam Eropa Basatu  (green)  —  [Legend]

Ibu koto
(dan koto tagadang)
Madrid
40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.7°W / 40.433; -3.7
Bahaso rasmi Spanish[lower-alpha 1]
Bahaso daerah
nan diakui
Basque, Catalan, Galician and Occitan
Panduduak asli Spanish, Spaniard
Pamarintahan Unitary (regional) parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  King Juan Carlos I
 -  Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy
Legislatif Cortes Generales
 -  Majelih Tinggi Senate
 -  Majelih Randah Congress of Deputies
Formation 15th century 
 -    Dynastic 1479 
 -    De facto 1516 
 -    De jure 1715 
 -    Nation state 1812 
 -    Constitutional democracy 1978 
Bagabuang ka UE 1 January 1986
Laweh
 -  Total 505.992 km2 (52nd)
 -  Aia (%) 1.04
Panduduak
 -  Pakiroan 2012 47,265,321[2][3] (27th)
 -  Sensus 2011 46,815,916[4] 
 -  Kapadekan 93/km2 (106th)
PDB (KKB) Pakiroan 2012
 -  Total $1.407 trillion[5] 
 -  Per kapita $30,412[5] 
PDB (nominal) Perkiraan 2012
 -  Total $1.340 trillion[5] 
 -  Per kapita $28,976[5] 
Gini (2005) 32[6] 
IPM (2011) 0.878[7] (very high) (23rd)
Mato uang Euro () (EUR)
Zona wakatu CET (UTC+1)
 -  Musim panas (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Except the Canary Islands which observe UTC+0 (WET) (UTC+1 during summer time)
Format tanggal dd.mm.yyyy (Spanish; CE)
Lajua kamudi right
Ranah Internet .es[lower-alpha 2]
Kode telepon 34

Spanyol (Dangai/ˈspn/ ; Spanyol, lafal [esˈpaɲa]  ( listen)), rasminyo disabuik Kerajaan Spanyol (Spanyol),[lower-alpha 3][8] adolah sabuah nagari nan ba daulat dan anggota Uni Eropa nan ba lokasi di barat daya benua Eropa di Semenanjung Iberia. Nagari ko babateh di selatan dan timur jo Lauik Mediterania, ka utara dan timur jo Parancih, Andorra, dan Teluk Biscay; dan ka barat laut dan barat jo Samudera Atlantik dan Portugal.

Notes[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. ^ The official Spanish language of the State is established in the Section 3 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978 to be Castilian.[1] In some autonomous communities, Catalan, Galician and Basque are co-official languages. Aragonese, Asturian and Leonese have some degree of official recognition
  2. ^ The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. Also, the .cat domain is used in Catalan-speaking territories.
  3. ^ In Spain, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous (regional) languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:

Rujukan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. ^ The Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ "Official Population Figures of Spain. Population on the 1 January 2012". Boletín Oficial del Estado. http://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2012/12/29/pdfs/BOE-A-2012-15714.pdf. Diakses pado 29 Desember 2012. 
  3. ^ According to recent unofficial estimates, the population of Spain is 46,185,697 (1 April 2012)."Estimaciones de la Población Actual de España". Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). http://www.ine.es/jaxiBD/tabla.do?per=01&type=db&divi=EPOB&idtab=2. 
  4. ^ "Censos de Población y Viviendas de 2011". Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). http://www.ine.es/prensa/np756.pdf. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Spain". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=79&pr.y=7&sy=2012&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=184&s=NGDP%2CNGDPD%2CNGDPPC%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. Diakses pado 10 Oktober 2012. 
  6. ^ "CIA World Factbook". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2172.html. Diakses pado 13 Agustus 2008. 
  7. ^ "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 10 September 2011. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Table1.pdf. Diakses pado 5 Nopember 2011. 
  8. ^ The Spanish Constitution does not establish any official name for Spain, even though the terms España (Spain), Estado español (Spanish State) and Nación española (Spanish Nation) are used throughout the document. Nonetheless, the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs established in an ordinance published in 1984 that the denominations España (Spain) and Reino de España (Kingdom of Spain) are equally valid to designate Spain in international treaties. This term, Kingdom of Spain, is widely used by the government in national and international affairs of all kind, includuing foreign treaties as well as national official documents, and is therefore recognized as the official name by many international organisations. Acuerdo entre el Reino de de España y Nueva Zelanda, Acuerdo entre el reino de España y el reino de Marruecos{{Fix | subst = {{subst:substcheck}} | special = [pranala mati]; licenses permissions Tratado de la Unión Europea
Books referenced
  • Gates, David (2001). The Spanish Ulcer: A History of the Peninsular War. Da Capo Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-306-81083-1.