Hannibal

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Hannibal, anak Hamilcar Barca
247–183 or 182 BC
200px
Sabuah patuang marmar, Kononnyo Hannibal, awalnyo basobok kota kuno Capua di Italia (babarapo sejarawan yakin akan keaslian potret).[1][2][3][4][5]
Allegiance Carthage
Rank General, commander-in-chief of the Carthaginian armies
Battles/wars Roman–Syrian War, Second Punic War: Battle of Lake Trasimene, Battle of Trebia, Battle of Cannae, Battle of the Silarus, Battle of Herdonia, Battle of Zama

Hannibal Barca, anak dari Hamilcar Barca[6] (247–183 or 182 BC) adolah komandan tentara dari Kartago dan taktikal, saurang nan popular dirujuk sabagai salah saurang komandan nan berbakat dalam sejarah. Bapaknyo, Hamilcar Barca, adolah komandan Kartago pado maso Perang Punic Partamo, saudaronyo nan mudo Mago jo Hasdrubal, dan Hasdrubal adolah sumandonyo.

Hannibal hiduik pado maso ketegangan di Mediterania, katiko Ruhun mengukuhkan supremasinyo ateh babarapo kakuatan nan ado waktu tu takah Kartago, kerajaan Makedonia, Syracuse, dan Seleucid. Salah satu prestasinyo nan terkenal samaso Perang Punic Kaduo, katiko inyo bagabuang jo tenteranyo, tamasuak Gajah perang, dari Iberia melalui Pyrenees dan Alpen manuju utara Italia.

Rujuakan[suntiang | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Lancel, Serge (1995) Hannibal cover: "Roman bust of Hannibal. Museo Archeologico Nazionale. Naples"
  2. ^ Goldsworthy, Adrian (2000) The Fall of Carthage cover: "Hannibal in later life"
  3. ^ Goldsworthy, Adrian (2001) Cannae p.24: "a bust, which may be a representation of Hannibal in later life, although there are no definite images of him"
  4. ^ Goldsworthy, Adrian (2003) The Complete Roman Army p.41: "a bust that purports to show Hannibal in later life"
  5. ^ Matyszak, Philip (2003) Chronicle of the Roman Republic p.95: "bust, thought to be of Hannibal, found in Capua"
  6. ^ Ameling, Walter Karthago: Studien zu Militär, Staat und Gesellschaft p.81-82

Daftar pustaka[suntiang | sunting sumber]

  • Bickerman, Elias J. "Hannibal’s Covenant", American Journal of Philology, Vol. 73, No. 1. (1952), pp. 1–23.
  • Bradford, E, Hannibal, London, Macmillan London Ltd., 1981
  • Caven, B., Punic Wars, London, George Werdenfeld and Nicholson Ltd., 1980
  • Cottrell, Leonard, Hannibal: Enemy of Rome, Da Capo Press, 1992, ISBN 0-306-80498-0
  • Daly, Gregory, Cannae: The Experience of Battle in the Second Punic War, London/New York, Routledge, 2002, ISBN 0-415-32743-1.
  • Garland, Robert, Hannibal. London: Bristol Classical Press, 2010. Pp. 168 (Ancients in Action)q ISBN 9781853997259.
  • Delbrück, Hans, Warfare in Antiquity, 1920, ISBN 0-8032-9199-X
  • Hoyos, Dexter: Hannibal's Dynasty: Power and Politics in the Western Mediterranean, 247–183 B.C. (Routledge: London & New York, 2003; paperback edition with maps, 2005) - has much discussion of strategy and warfare.
  • Hoyos, Dexter, Hannibal: Rome's Greatest Enemy, Bristol Phoenix Press, 2005, ISBN 1-904675-46-8 (hbk) ISBN 1-904675-47-6 (pbk)
  • Lamb, Harold, Hannibal: One Man Against Rome, 1959.
  • Lancel, Serge, Hannibal, Blackwell Publishing, 1999, ISBN 0-631-21848-3
  • Livy, and De Selincourt, Aubery, The War with Hannibal: Books XXI-XXX of the History of Rome from its Foundation, Penguin Classics, Reprint edition, July 30, 1965, ISBN 0-14-044145-X (pbk)(also [1])
  • Mahaney, W.C., Hannibal's Odyssey: Environmental Background to the Alpine Invasion of Italia, Piscataway, NJ., Gorgias Press, 2008, 222p. ISBN 978-1-59333-951-7
  • Prevas, John, Hannibal Crosses the Alps: The Invasion of Italy and the Second Punic War, 2001, ISBN 0-306-81070-0, questions which route he took
  • Talbert, Richard J.A., ed., Atlas of Classical History, Routledge, London/New York, 1985, ISBN 0-415-03463-9
  • Yardley, J.C. (translator) & Hoyos, D. (introduction, notes, maps and appendix on Hannibal's march over the Alps): Livy: Hannibal's War: Books 21 to 30 (Oxford World's Classics: Oxford Univ. Press, UK & USA, 2006).
  • Dodge, Theodore. "Hannibal", Hannibal During the Second Punic War. New York: Barnes and Noble

Pautan lua[suntiang | sunting sumber]