Pangguno:Muhraz/Bak kasiak

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Prioritas, per 11 Agustus 2019:

  1. Daftar nagara nan badaulaik
  2. Daftar nagara bagian Amerika Sarikat
  3. Majelis Parundangan (Indonesia) ex Daftar anggota Majelis Parundangan (Indonesia)

Daftar nagara nan badaulaik[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Common and formal names Membership within the UN System[lower-alpha 1] Sovereignty dispute[lower-alpha 2] Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty[lower-alpha 4]
A AAA A AAA A AAA
ZZZAnggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso and observer states A AAA ZZZ
ZZZAbkhazia → Abkhazia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Albania – Republic of Albania A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Andorra – Principality of Andorra A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Andorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell,[2] who himself is appointed with approval from the Holy See.
 Angola – Republic of Angola A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Antigua and Barbuda A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm[lower-alpha 5] with 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.[lower-alpha 6]
 Argentina – Argentine Republic[lower-alpha 7] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Argentina is a federation of 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city.
 Armenia – Republic of Armenia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso Not recognised by Pakistan. Armenia is not recognised by Pakistan due to the dispute over Artsakh.[4][5][6]
ZZZArtsakh → Artsakh A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Australia – Commonwealth of Australia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Australia is a Commonwealth realm[lower-alpha 5] and a federation of six states and 10 territories. The external territories of Australia are:
 Austria – Republic of Austria A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the European Union.[lower-alpha 3] Austria is a federation of nine states.
 Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Azerbaijan contains one autonomous region, Nakhchivan [lower-alpha 6] The de facto state of Artsakh has been established in the southwest of Azerbaijan.
 Bahamas, The – Commonwealth of The Bahamas[8] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None The Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 5]
 Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Barbados A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 5]
 Belarus – Republic of Belarus A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Belgium is a federation divided into linguistic communities and regions.
 Belize A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Belize is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 5]
 Benin – Republic of Benin A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Bolivia – Plurinational State of Bolivia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Bosnia and Herzegovina A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of two constituent units:

and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit.[9]

 Botswana – Republic of Botswana A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Brazil is a federation of 26 states and 1 federal district.
 Brunei – Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Burkina Faso A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Burma → Myanmar A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Burundi – Republic of Burundi A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Canada[lower-alpha 8] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Canada is a Commonwealth realm[lower-alpha 5] and a federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories.
 Cape Verde – Republic of Cabo Verde[lower-alpha 9] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Central African Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Chad – Republic of Chad A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Chile – Republic of Chile A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 China – People's Republic of China[lower-alpha 10] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso Partially unrecognised. Templat:Claimedby China contains five autonomous regions, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Tibet, and Xinjiang.[lower-alpha 6] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:

China claims, but does not control Taiwan, which is governed by a rival administration (the Republic of China) that claims all of China as its territory.[lower-alpha 11]

China is not recognised by [[Foreign relations of China#Countries that have no diplomatic relations with the PRC|Templat:Numrec]] Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Bansos and the Holy See, which, with the exception of Bhutan, all recognise Taiwan instead.[lower-alpha 12]

China, Republic of → Taiwan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Colombia – Republic of Colombia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Comoros – Union of the Comoros A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Comoros is a federation of 3 islands.[lower-alpha 13]
Templat:Country data Congo, Democratic Republic of the[lower-alpha 14] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Templat:Country data Congo, Republic of the[lower-alpha 15] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
ZZZCook Islands → Cook Islands A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Côte d'Ivoire → Ivory Coast A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Croatia – Republic of Croatia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Cuba – Republic of Cuba A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso Not recognised by Turkey[12] Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus.

Cyprus is not recognised by Turkey due to the Cyprus dispute, with Turkey recognising Northern Cyprus.

 Czech Republic[lower-alpha 16] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Democratic People's Republic of Korea → Korea, North A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Democratic Republic of the Congo → Congo, Democratic Republic of the A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] The Kingdom of Denmark includes 2 self-governing territories:

The continental territory of Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland form the three constituent countries of the Kingdom.[lower-alpha 17] The Kingdom of Denmark as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.[13][14]

 Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Dominican Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste[lower-alpha 18] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Eritrea – State of Eritrea A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Estonia – Republic of Estonia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Templat:Country data Eswatini – Kingdom of Eswatini[lower-alpha 19] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Ethiopia is a federation of nine regions and two chartered cities.
 Fiji – Republic of Fiji A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, Rotuma.[lower-alpha 6][15][16]
 Finland – Republic of Finland A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 France – French Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] France contains five overseas regions/departments: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. France also includes the overseas territories of:
 Gabon – Gabonese Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Gambia Templat:Country data Gambia, The – Republic of The Gambia[17] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Georgia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Georgia contains two autonomous republics, Adjara and Abkhazia.[lower-alpha 6] In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.
 Germany – Federal Republic of Germany A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Germany is a federation of 16 federated states.
 Ghana – Republic of Ghana A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Greece – Hellenic Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Greece contains one autonomous area, Mount Athos.[18]
 Grenada A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 5]
 Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Guinea – Republic of Guinea[lower-alpha 21] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Haiti – Republic of Haiti A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Holy See → Vatican City A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Honduras – Republic of Honduras A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Hungary A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Iceland[lower-alpha 22] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 India – Republic of India A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None India is a federation of 29 states and nine union territories.
 Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Indonesia has five autonomous provinces, Aceh, Jakarta, Papua, West Papua, and Yogyakarta.[lower-alpha 6]
 Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Iraq – Republic of Iraq A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Iraq is a federation[lower-alpha 13][22] of 19 governorates, five of which make up the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan.[lower-alpha 6]
 Ireland[lower-alpha 23] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Israel A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso Partially unrecognised Israel exerts strong control over the territory claimed by Palestine. Israel annexed East Jerusalem,[24] an annexation not recognised by the international community.[25] Israel maintains varying levels of control over the rest of the West Bank, and although Israel no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, it is still considered by some to be the occupying power under international law.[26][27][28][29][30]

Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. The Palestine Liberation Organization, which enjoys majority recognition as sole representative of the Palestinian people, also does not recognise Israel.

 Italy – Italian Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Italy has 5 autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[lower-alpha 6]
Templat:Country data Ivory Coast – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire[lower-alpha 24] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Jamaica A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 5]
 Japan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Kenya – Republic of Kenya A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Templat:Country data Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso Templat:Claimedby North Korea is not recognised by three UN members, France, Japan, and South Korea, the last of which claims to be the sole legitimate government of Korea.[31]
Templat:Country data Korea, South – Republic of Korea A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso Templat:Claimedby South Korea has 1 autonomous region, Jejudo.[lower-alpha 6][32]

South Korea is not recognised by North Korea, which claims to be the sole legitimate government of Korea.

ZZZKosovo → Kosovo A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Kuwait – State of Kuwait A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Latvia – Republic of Latvia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Lebanon – Lebanese Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Liberia – Republic of Liberia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Libya – State of Libya A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Macedonia → North Macedonia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Templat:Country data Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Malawi – Republic of Malawi A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Malaysia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and three federal territories.
 Maldives – Republic of Maldives A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Mali – Republic of Mali A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Malta – Republic of Malta A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
 Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[lower-alpha 6]
 Mexico – United Mexican States A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Mexico is a federation of 31 states and one autonomous city.
Templat:Country data Federated States of Micronesia  A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of four states.
 Moldova – Republic of Moldova A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Moldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.
 Monaco – Principality of Monaco A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Mongolia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Montenegro A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Templat:Country data Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Part of the Moroccan-claimed Western Sahara is controlled by the partially recognised Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
 Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Myanmar – Republic of the Union of Myanmar[lower-alpha 25] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → Artsakh A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Namibia – Republic of Namibia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Nauru – Republic of Nauru A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Nepal is a federation composed of 7 provinces.
Templat:Country data Kingdom of the Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] The Kingdom of the Netherlands includes four areas with substantial autonomy:

The continental part of the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten form the four constituent countries of the Kingdom. Three other territories (Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius) are special municipalities of the continental Netherlands.[lower-alpha 26] The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

 New Zealand A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm,[lower-alpha 5] and has the dependent territories of:

New Zealand has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely associated states:

The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with Templat:Numrel and Templat:Numrel UN members respectively.[33][34][35] They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,[36] and are members of some UN specialized agencies.

 Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Nicaragua contains two autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[lower-alpha 6]
 Niger – Republic of Niger A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.
ZZZNiue → Niue A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
North Korea → Korea, North A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Templat:Country data North Macedonia – Republic of North Macedonia[lower-alpha 27] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
ZZZNorthern Cyprus → Northern Cyprus A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Norway – Kingdom of Norway A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None

Norway has the uninhabited dependent territories of:

 Oman – Sultanate of Oman A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Pakistan is a federation of four provinces and 1 capital territory. Pakistan exercises control over certain portions of Kashmir, but has not officially annexed any of it,[37][38] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[39][40] The portions that it controls are divided into two territories, administered separately from Pakistan proper:

Azad Kashmir describes itself as a "self-governing state under Pakistani control", while Gilgit-Baltistan is described in its governance order as a group of "areas" with self-government.[41][42][43] These territories are not usually regarded as sovereign, as they do not fulfil the criteria set out by the declarative theory of statehood (for example, their current laws do not allow them to engage independently in relations with other states). Several state functions of these territories (such as foreign affairs and defence) are performed by Pakistan.[42][44][45]

 Palau – Republic of Palau A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Templat:Country data State of Palestine – State of Palestine A UN observer state; member of 2 UN specialized agencies Partially unrecognised. Templat:Claimedby The State of Palestine, declared in 1988, is not recognised as a state by Israel and has received diplomatic recognition from Templat:Numrec states.[46] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control over much of the territory that it proclaimed.[47] The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization.[48] The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,[49] UNIDO, and an observer state in the UN.
 Panama – Republic of Panama A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm[lower-alpha 5] with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.[lower-alpha 6]
 Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Peru – Republic of Peru A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Philippines – Republic of the Philippines A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None The Philippines contains one autonomous region, Bangsamoro.[lower-alpha 6]
 Poland – Republic of Poland A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Portugal – Portuguese Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Portugal contains two autonomous regions, the Azores and Madeira.[lower-alpha 6]
Pridnestrovie → Transnistria A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Qatar – State of Qatar A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Republic of Korea → Korea, South A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Republic of the Congo → Congo, Republic of the A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Romania A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Russia – Russian Federation A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Russia is a federation of 85 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.[lower-alpha 6]
 Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Templat:Country data Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm[lower-alpha 5] and is a federation[lower-alpha 13] of two islands, St. Kitts and Nevis.
 Saint Lucia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 5]
Templat:Country data Saint Vincent and the Grenadines A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 5]
 Samoa – Independent State of Samoa A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 San Marino – Republic of San Marino A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.[lower-alpha 6]
 Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Senegal – Republic of Senegal A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Serbia – Republic of Serbia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Serbia contains two autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija.[lower-alpha 6] The latter is under the de facto control of Kosovo.
 Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Singapore – Republic of Singapore A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Slovakia – Slovak Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
Templat:Country data Solomon Islands A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 5]
 Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Somalia has two self-declared autonomous regions, Puntland and Galmudug, while the territory of Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.
ZZZSomaliland → Somaliland A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Templat:Country data South Africa – Republic of South Africa A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
South Korea → Korea, South A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
ZZZSouth Ossetia → South Ossetia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Templat:Country data South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None South Sudan is a federation of 32 states.
  • The Abyei Area is a zone with "special administrative status" established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005. It is de jure a condominium of South Sudan and Sudan, but de facto administered by two competing administrations and the United Nations.[50][51]
 Spain – Kingdom of Spain A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities and 2 special autonomous cities[lower-alpha 6] Special autonomous cities in Africa are:
 Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka[lower-alpha 28] A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Sudan – Republic of the Sudan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Sudan is a federation of 18 states.
  • The Abyei Area is a zone with "special administrative status" established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005. It is de jure a condominium of South Sudan and Sudan, but de facto administered by two competing administrations and the United Nations.[50][51]
ZZZSudan, South → South Sudan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Suriname – Republic of Suriname A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Swaziland → Eswatini A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3]
 Switzerland – Swiss Confederation A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Switzerland is a federation of 26 cantons.
 Syria – Syrian Arab Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None The Syrian National Coalition, which is recognised as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an interim government to rule rebel controlled territory during the Syrian civil war.

Syria has one self-declared autonomous region: Rojava.

ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → Taiwan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.[lower-alpha 6]
 Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, Zanzibar.[lower-alpha 6]
 Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
The Bahamas → Bahamas, The A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
The Gambia → Gambia, The A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Timor-Leste → East Timor A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Togo – Togolese Republic A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
ZZZTransnistria → Transnistria A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.[lower-alpha 6]
 Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Turkey – Republic of Turkey A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Turkmenistan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Tuvalu A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.[lower-alpha 5]
 Uganda – Republic of Uganda A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Ukraine A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Ukraine claims Crimea as an autonomous republic, however it has been annexed by Russia.
 United Arab Emirates A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates.
 United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Member of the EU.[lower-alpha 3] The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm[lower-alpha 5] consisting of four constituent countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

 United States – United States of America A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None The United States is a federation of 50 states with shared sovereignty, 1 federal district, and 1 incorporated territory. Additionally, the Federal government of the United States has sovereignty over 15 unincorporated territories. Of these territories the following are inhabited possessions:

It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:

It also disputes sovereignty over the following territories:

Three sovereign states have become associated states of the United States under the Compact of Free Association:

 Uruguay – Oriental Republic of Uruguay A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.[lower-alpha 6]
 Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
Templat:Country data Vatican City – Vatican City State A UN observer state under the designation of "Holy See"; member of three UN specialized agencies and the IAEA A None Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic relations to Templat:Numrec. This figure consists of Templat:Numrec Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Bansos, the Cook Islands, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and the State of Palestine.[52] In addition, the European Union and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta maintain diplomatic relations with the Holy See. The Holy See is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State")[48] and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Diocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City.
 Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None Venezuela is a federation of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.
 Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Yemen – Republic of Yemen A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Zambia – Republic of Zambia A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
 Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe A Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Banso A None
ZZZAnggota Pasarikatan Banso-Bansos and observer states A ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ AB B
ZZZ↓ Other states ↓ D AAA ZZZ
 Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia D No membership Templat:Claimedby Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Artsakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria.[53] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Templat:Country data Artsakh – Republic of Artsakh[lower-alpha 29] D No membership Templat:Claimedby A de facto independent state,[54][55][56] recognised only by Abkhazia,[57] South Ossetia[57] and Transnistria.[57][58] Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.[59]
Templat:Country data Cook Islands D Member of eight UN specialized agencies A None
(See political status)
A state in free association with New Zealand, Templat:Numrel. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[36] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
 Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo D Member of two UN specialized agencies Partially recognized. Templat:Claimedby Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo was placed under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo in 1999.[60] Kosovo declared independence in 2008, and it has Templat:Numrec and the Republic of China, while 11 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Bansos and non Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Bansos continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
Templat:Country data Niue D Member of five UN specialized agencies A None
(See political status)
A state in free association with New Zealand, Templat:Numrel. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[36] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
Templat:Country data Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus D No membership Templat:Claimedby Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[61]
Templat:Country data Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic D No membership Templat:Claimedby Recognised at some stage by Templat:Numrec, Templat:Numrec of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian–African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian–African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.
 Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland D No membership Templat:Claimedby A de facto independent state,[54][62][63][64][65] not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.[66]
 South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia–the State of Alania D No membership Templat:Claimedby A de facto independent state,[67] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Syria, Venezuela, Abkhazia, Artsakh and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[68]
 Taiwan – Republic of China[lower-alpha 10] DFormer UN member (as Republic of China, 1945–1971)
Observer in one UN specialized agency under the name "Chinese Taipei"
Templat:Claimedby A state competing (nominally) for recognition with the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China (ROC) controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands, and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland.[69] The ROC is recognised by Templat:Numrec. All these states do not recognise the PRC either. Additionally, one UN member (Bhutan) has refrained from recognising either the ROC or the PRC.

The territory of the ROC is claimed in whole by the PRC.[lower-alpha 11] The ROC participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei" and in the WTO it has full membership. The ROC was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the UN Security Council. See China and the United Nations.

Templat:Country data Transnistria – Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic D No membership Templat:Claimedby A de facto independent state,[54] recognised only by Abkhazia, Artsakh and South Ossetia.[53] Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit.[70]
ZZZ↑ Other states ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZZ ZZZZ ZZZZ
Legend "Membership within the UN System" column

██ Anggota Pasarikatan Banso-Bansos ██ UN Observer states ██ Member of a UN Specialized Agency ██ Observer in a UN Specialized Agency ██ No membership in the UN System

Legend "Sovereignty dispute" column

██ Undisputed sovereignty ██ Sovereignty disputed

US States[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Abbreviation State Name Capital Became a State
AL Alabama Montgomery December 14, 1819
AK Alaska Juneau January 3, 1959
AZ Arizona Phoenix February 14, 1912
AR Arkansas Little Rock June 15, 1836
CA California Sacramento September 9, 1850
CO Colorado Denver August 1, 1876
CT Connecticut Hartford January 9, 1788
DE Delaware Dover December 7, 1787
FL Florida Tallahassee March 3, 1845
GA Georgia Atlanta January 2, 1788
HI Hawaii Honolulu August 21, 1959
ID Idaho Boise July 3, 1890
IL Illinois Springfield December 3, 1818
IN Indiana Indianapolis December 11, 1816
IA Iowa Des Moines December 28, 1846
KS Kansas Topeka January 29, 1861
KY Kentucky Frankfort June 1, 1792
LA Louisiana Baton Rouge April 30, 1812
ME Maine Augusta March 15, 1820
MD Maryland Annapolis April 28, 1788
MA Massachusetts Boston February 6, 1788
MI Michigan Lansing January 26, 1837
MN Minnesota Saint Paul May 11, 1858
MS Mississippi Jackson December 10, 1817
MO Missouri Jefferson City August 10, 1821
MT Montana Helena November 8, 1889
NE Nebraska Lincoln March 1, 1867
NV Nevada Carson City October 31, 1864
NH New Hampshire Concord June 21, 1788
NJ New Jersey Trenton December 18, 1787
NM New Mexico Santa Fe January 6, 1912
NY New York Albany July 26, 1788
NC North Carolina Raleigh November 21, 1789
ND North Dakota Bismarck November 2, 1889
OH Ohio Columbus March 1, 1803
OK Oklahoma Oklahoma City November 16, 1907
OR Oregon Salem February 14, 1859
PA Pennsylvania Harrisburg December 12, 1787
RI Rhode Island Providence May 19, 1790
SC South Carolina Columbia May 23, 1788
SD South Dakota Pierre November 2, 1889
TN Tennessee Nashville June 1, 1796
TX Texas Austin December 29, 1845
UT Utah Salt Lake City January 4, 1896
VT Vermont Montpelier March 4, 1791
VA Virginia Richmond June 25, 1788
WA Washington Olympia November 11, 1889
WV West Virginia Charleston June 20, 1863
WI Wisconsin Madison May 29, 1848
WY Wyoming Cheyenne July 10, 1890

In addition to the states, several other areas belong to the United States:

Majelis Parundangan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Sumber[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  • konstituante.net
  • Adnan Buyung Nasution, The Aspiration for Constitutional Government in Indonesia: A Socio-Legal Study of the Indonesian Konstituante, 1956-1959 (Utrecht: Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht, 1992)
  • Ahmad Syafii Maarif, Islam as the Basis of State: A Study of Islamic Political Ideas as Reflected in the Constituent Assembly Debates in Indonesia (PhD dissertation, University of Chicago, 1993)
  • Daniel Lev, The Transition to Guided Democracy: Indonesian Politics, 1957-59 (Singapore: Equinox, 2009 [1966])
  • Kevin W. Fogg, The Fate of Muslim Nationalism in Independent Indonesia (PhD dissertation, Yale University, 2012)

Daftar artikel[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

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Misc:

Rujuak[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

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