Kabuik asok Asia Tenggara 2019

Wikipedia Minangkabau - Lubuak aka tapian ilimu
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian
Kabuik asok Asia Tenggara 2019
Durasi Februari – Mei 2019 (Thailand)
Juni – September 2019 (nagara lainnyo)
Lokasi  Brunei
 Indonesia
 Malaysia
 Filipina
 Singapura
 Thailand
Hasia Panutuikan sikolah di Malaysia
Pambatalan sadoalah panabangan Firefly antaro Singapura jo Malaysia
Maningga Indonesia:
2 maningga dek infeksi saluran napas.
Panangkokan Indonesia:
230 urang ditangkok karano diduga talibaik dalam pambakaran utan jo lahan.[1]

Kabuik asok Asia Tenggara 2019 adolah sabuah krisis polusi udaro nan tajadi di babarapo nagara di Asia Tenggara, nan maliputi Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapura jo Thailand.

Latar balakang[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Kabuik asok disababkan dek pambakaran ladang Indonesia di Sumatra jo Kalimantan,[2] sarato kabakaran utan di nagara bagian Sarawak nan talatak di Malaysia,[3] Distrik Brunei-Muara nan talatak di Brunei,[4] Taman Pantai Timur di Singapura,[5] jo paladangan utan di utara Thailand sarato lahan-lahan tani di Pa Phru Kuan Kreng, Provinsi Nakhon Si Thammarat, selatan Thailand.[6][7]

Nagara nan tadampak[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Brunei[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Di Maret, sakitar 161 hektare (400 ekar) utan di Berakas, Lambak Kanan, Rimba jo Garis Tungku di Distrik Brunei-Muara ancua dek tabaka.[4]

Indonesia[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Jam Gadang di Bukittinggi, Sumatra Barat, Indonesia pado tanggal 17 September 2019.

Sasudah kabuik asok Asia Tenggara 2015 nan bamulo di Indonesia, utan tabaka di nagara ko muncua pulo baliak pado bulan Juli. 42740 hektare (105600 ekar) lahan tabaka di sapanjang nagara ko nan manyababkan polusi asok linteh bateh nan manarajang Malaysia jo Singapura.[8]

Malaysia[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Asok malando ibukota Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur pado 11 September 2019. Manara Petronas ampia indak tampak di foto.

Pado mulo Februari, utan jo lahan samak di Pahang tabaka.[9] Pado Agustus, babarapo nagara bagian jo teritori federal Malaysia sarupo Kuala Lumpur, Nagari Sambilan, Penang, Putrajaya dan Selangor tadampak polusi asok dari Sumatra, Indonesia samantaro nagara bagian Sarawak tadampak dek kabakaran di nagara bagian tasabuik sajak Juli dan dari wilayah tatangga Kalimantan, Indonesia dari Agustus.[3][10][11]

Singapura[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Pado mulo Agustus, Singapura mulai maalami kabuik asok salapek titiak-titiak angek tadeteksi di Sumatra Tangah jo Kalimantan Selatan.[12] 555 vegetasi nan tabaka di Singapura dilaporkan juo pado paruah partamo 2019,[13] jo ciek kasus dilaporkan di East Coast Park.[5]

Thailand[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Pado mulo Maret, kawasan di utara Thailand tadampak dek kabuik asok dari utan tabaka di Chiang Mai jo Chiang Rai sarato dari pabatasan jo Myanmar.[6][14] Jutaan hektar lahan utan di provinsi-provinsi Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lampang, Lamphun, Mae Hong Son, Nan, Phayao, Phrae dan Tak ancua.[15]

Pado Juli, sekitar [convert: $2]$3 utan jo lahan paladangan di Pa Phru Kuan Kreng, Provinsi Nakhon Si Thammarat jo kawasan sakitar di selatan Thailand ancua dek tabaka.[7]

Caliak pulo[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. "Indonesian police arrest hundreds linked to forest fires". 19 September 2019. https://www.thestar.com.my/news/regional/2019/09/19/indonesian-police-arrest-hundreds-linked-to-forest-fires. Diakses pado 19 September 2019. 
  2. Linda Yulisman (14 August 2019). "Indonesia steps up fight against fires as hot spots increase". The Straits Times. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/indonesia-steps-up-fight-against-fires-as-hot-spots-increase. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  3. a b Stephen Then (17 July 2019). "Forest fires flare up again in parts of Sarawak". The Star. https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/07/17/forest-fires-flare-up-again-in-parts-of-sarawak. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  4. a b Rasidah Hj Abu Bakar (22 March 2019). "Bomba: 161 hectares of forest destroyed by fire in past week". The Scoop. https://thescoop.co/2019/03/22/bomba-161-hectares-of-forest-destroyed-by-fire-in-past-week/. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  5. a b "Vegetation fire the size of 2 football fields breaks out near East Coast Park". Today Online. 13 Agustus 2019. https://www.todayonline.com/singapore/vegetation-fire-size-2-football-fields-breaks-out-near-east-coast-park. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  6. a b "Thailand's North choking on toxic haze from fires". The Straits Times. 12 Maret 2019. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/north-chokes-on-toxic-haze-largely-from-myanmar-fires. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  7. a b Asaree Thaitrakulpanich (22 August 2019). "Weeks of Fire Destroyed Almost 14,500 Rai of Forest and Farms in Southern Thailand". Khaosod English. http://www.khaosodenglish.com/featured/2019/08/22/weeks-of-fire-destroyed-almost-14500-rai-of-forest-and-farms-in-southern-thailand/. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  8. Hans Nicholas Jong (6 August 2019). "Haze from forest fires, Indonesia’s national ‘embarrassment’, is back". Mongabay. https://news.mongabay.com/2019/08/haze-from-fires-indonesias-national-embarrassment-are-back/. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  9. T. N. Alagesh (26 February 2019). "40ha of Pahang forest, peat land on fire [NSTTV"]. New Straits Times. https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2019/02/463995/40ha-pahang-forest-peat-land-fire-nsttv. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  10. Rachel Tay (2 August 2019). "The haze is making a comeback in August, and some Malaysian regions are already affected". Business Insider Malaysia. https://www.businessinsider.my/the-haze-is-making-a-comeback-in-august-and-some-malaysian-regions-are-already-affected/. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  11. Stephen Then (18 August 2019). "More hotspots in Kalimantan may bring widespread transboundary haze to S'wak". The Star. https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/08/18/more-hotspots-in-kalimantan-may-bring-widespread-transboundary-haze-to-s039wak. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  12. "After record warm July, time to brace for occasional haze in August". Today Online. 1 Agustus 2019. https://www.todayonline.com/singapore/after-record-warm-july-time-brace-occasional-haze-august. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  13. Nabilah Awang (17 August 2019). "Explainer: Why vegetation fires in Singapore in first half of the year surged to 3-year high". Today Online. https://www.todayonline.com/singapore/singapores-warm-dry-weather-leads-surge-vegetation-fires. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  14. "Chiang Mai has world’s worst air quality as fires rage in the north". The Thaiger. 12 Maret 2019. https://thethaiger.com/hot-news/air-pollution/chiang-mai-has-worlds-worst-air-quality-as-fires-rage-in-the-north. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019. 
  15. Tossapol Boonpat (13 April 2019). "Forest fires destroy 2.7 million rai of land whilst Chiang Mai is back on top". The Thaiger. https://thethaiger.com/hot-news/air-pollution/forest-fires-destroy-2-7-million-rai-of-land-whilst-chiang-mai-is-back-on-top. Diakses pado 23 Agustus 2019.