Abu Bakar al-Baghdadi

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al-Baghdadi kutiko tatangkok di Kamp Bucca, Iraq, tahun 2004

Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi (Arab: أبو بكر البغدادي‎; lahia Ibrahim Awad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri al-Samarrai,[1]إبراهيم عواد إبراهيم علي محمد البدري السامرائي‎; 28 Juli 1971 – 27 Oktober 2019)[2] adolah pamimpin kalompok Nagari Islam Irak jo Syam. Kalompok ko alah dinyatoan sabagai kalompok teroris dek Pasarikatan Banso-Banso, Uni Eropa, sarato nagara-nagara lain. al-Baghdadi juo ditatok'an subagai teroris nan dicari dek Amerika Sarikat sampai kamatiannyo pado bulan Oktober 2019.[3] Pado bulan 2014, inyo dinyatoan subagai khalifah dari Nagari Islam[4] dek dewan syura kalompok tasabuik.

al-Baghdadi mulai talibaik jo Nagari Islam salapeh panahannyo basamo komandan-komandan al-Qaeda di Kamp Bucca di Irak. Sabagai pamimpin utamo kalompok tu, inyo talibaik lansuang dalam kajahatan jo palanggaran hak asasi manusia sarupo genosida kaum Yazidi di Iraq, pabudakan seksual, panggagahan, jo pambunuahan massal. Di bawah al-Baghdadi, Nagari Islam mamproduksi video nan mampacaliakkan pabudakan seksual jo pambunuahan lewat rajam atau pambakaran.[5][6]

Sajak tahun 2011, nyao al-Baghdadi diaragoi 10 juta dolar Amerika Sarikat dek Kamantarian Lua Nagari Amerika Sarikat; jumlah ko batambah manjadi 25 juta dolar pado tahun 2017,[7] untuak informasi atau intelijen tantang tampek inyo barado untuak ditangkok, iduik atau mati.[8][9] Pado 27 Oktober 2019, al-Baghdadi dialporkan bunuah diri basamo duo anaknyo dengan caro maladakkan diri manggunoan rompi bunuah diri pado satu sarangan dari Resimen Ranger ka-75 jo Pasukan Delta di Idlib, Suriah, bak cando nan dinyatoan dek Presiden Donald Trump.[2][10][11] Panglima Komando Wilayah Tangah Amerika Sarikat Jenderal Kenneth F. McKenzie Jr. manyatoan baso al-Baghdadi dikubuakan di lauik sasuai aturan agamo Islam.

Pado 31 Oktober 2019, Nagari Islam mangasahkan baso al-Baghdadi alah maningga. Kalompok tu manunjuak Abu Ibrahim al Hashimi al-Qurayshi subagai panggantinyo.[12][13]

Namo[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi adolah sabuah nom de guerre.[14] Inyo juo dikenal jo babarapo namo sarato juluakan lain, cando Abu Du'a[3] (أبو دعاء ʾabū duʿāʾ),[15] atau Al-Shabah ("hantu"),[16]. Samanjak manyatoan diri subagai khalifah, al-Baghdadi digala pulo Amir al-Mu'minin ("pamimpin urang-urang nan baiman") atau Sheikh Baghdadi.[17]

Pado tahun 2018, Reuters malaporan baso namo aslinyo adolah Ibrahim al-Samarrai.[18] Pado tahun 2014, The Telegraph malaporan baso namonyo kutiko laia adolah Ibrahim Awad Ibrahim al-Badri.[19]

Rujuakan[suntiang | suntiang sumber]

  1. Rubin, Alissa J., "Militant Leader in Rare Appearance in Iraq ", 5 Juli 2014. Diakses pado 20 Juli 2014.
  2. a b Blitzer, Ron (27 October 2019). "ISIS leader al-Baghdadi confirmed dead after apparent suicide during U.S. operation: sources". https://www.foxnews.com/politics/isis-leader-baghdadi-confirmed-dead-after-apparent-suicide-during-u-s-operation-sources?fbclid=IwAR0xZjy2FYpMr5-9Qtbm3a1-Pz2D1ATlZ-KxMkhh8vzifAnkQN9g_kwpJ2Q. Diakses pado 27 Oktober 2019. 
  3. a b Rewards for JusticeInformation that brings to justice... Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Up to $25 Million Reward Retrieved 25 January 2017,
  4. United States Department of State (14 May 2014). Terrorist Designations of Groups Operating in Syria. Siaran pers. Diakses pado 13 June 2014.
  5. "Who was Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi? ", 27 Oktober 2019.
  6. Callimachi, Rukmini, "Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, ISIS Leader Known for His Brutality, Is Dead at 48 ", The New York Times, (New York Times Company), 27 Oktober 2019.
  7. "Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi: IS leader 'dead after US raid' in Syria ", 27 Oktober 2017. Diakses pado 27 Oktober 2019.
  8. "Who was ISIL's self-proclaimed leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi? ", 27 Oktober 2019. Diakses pado 27 Oktober 2019.
  9. "Isil leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi 'died like a dog and coward' in US special forces raid, says Donald Trump ", (Telegraph Media Group), 27 Oktober 2019. Diakses pado 27 Oktober 2019.
  10. The White House (27 October 2019). Statement from the President on the Death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Siaran pers.
  11. "Head Of U.S. Central Command Says ISIS Leader Baghdadi Buried At Sea" (dalam bahaso en). https://www.npr.org/2019/10/30/774617578/head-of-u-s-central-command-says-isis-leader-baghdadi-buried-at-sea. Diakses pado 31 Oktober 2019. 
  12. "Islamic State group names its new leader as Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi ", (BBC), 31 Oktober 2019. Diakses pado 31 Oktober 2019.
  13. Martin Chulov (31 October 2019). "Islamic State names new leader after death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi". https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/31/islamic-state-new-leader-abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-abu-ibrahim-al-hashimi-al-qurayshi. 
  14. Massimo Calabresi – Persons of the year Time magazine Retrieved 30 January 2017
  15. Anjarini, Suhaib, "Al-Baghdadi following in bin Laden's footsteps ", Al Akhbar, 2 Juli 2014. Diakses pado 20 Juli 2014.
  16. Atwan, Abdel Bari (10 October 2015). "A Portrait of Caliph Ibrahim". The Cairo Review of Global Affairs (London, England: Bloomsbury Publishing) (Fall 2015). https://www.thecairoreview.com/essays/a-portrait-of-caliph-ibrahim/. Diakses pado 3 Pebruari 2017. 
  17. Atwan, Abdel Bari (15 May 2015). Islamic State: The Digital Caliphate. BBC News. ISBN 9780520289284. https://books.google.ca/books?id=yHolDQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=isbn:9780520289284&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjp2bKdmr_lAhWUGjQIHYegDc4Q6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&q&f=false. Diakses pado 2 Mai 2017. 
  18. Chmaytelli, Maher, "Exclusive – Iraq used Baghdadi aide's phone to capture Islamic State commanders ", 10 Mai 2018.
  19. Sherlock, Ruth, "How a talented footballer became world's most wanted man, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi ", The Telegraph, 11 Nopember 2014. Diakses pado 27 Desember 2014.